It is a team sport in which two teams of five active players each try to score points against one another by propelling a ball through a 10 feet (3 m) high hoop (the goal) under organized rules. Basketball is one of the most popular and widely viewed sports in the world.
Dr. James Naismith is known world-wide at the inventor of basketball. He was born in 1861 in Ramsay township, near Almonte, Ontario, Canada. The concept of basketball was born from his school days in the area where he played a simple child’s game known as duck-on-a-rock outside his one-room schoolhouse. The game involved attempting to knock a “duck” of the top of a large rock by tossing another rock at it. Naismith went on to attend McGill University in Montreal, Quebec, Canada.
Afterserving as McGill’s Athletic Director, he moved on to the YMCA training School in Spring field, Massachusetts, USA in 1891 where the sport of basketball was born. In springfield, Naismith was faced with the problem of finding a sport that was suitable for play inside during tha Massachusetts winter for the students at the School for Christian Workers. Naismith wanted to create a game for skill for the students instead of one that relied solely on strenght . He needed a game that could be played indoors in a relative smaal space. The first game was played with a soccer ball and two peach baskets used as a goal.
In addition to the creation of the sport, Naismith graduated as a medical doctor, primarily interested in sports physiology and what we would today call sports science and as Presbyterian minister, with a keen interest in philiosophy and a clean living. Naismith watched his sport, introduced in many nations by the YMCA movement as early as 1893. Basketball was introduced at the Berlin Olympics in 1963. Today basketball has grown to become one of the world’s most popular sports.
Naismith’s handwritten diaries, discovered by his granddaughter in early 2006, indicate that he was...