Basic Principles of Textile Coloration
Arthur D Broadbent
Professor, Université de Sherbrooke, Département de génie chimique, Faculté de génie, Sherbrooke, QC, J1K 2R1, Canada
2001 Society of Dyers and Colourists
Copyright © 2001 Society of Dyers and Colourists. All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval system or transmitted in any form or by any means without the prior permission of the copyright owners. Published by the Society of Dyers and Colourists, PO Box 244, Perkin House, 82 Grattan Road, Bradford, West Yorkshire BD1 2JB, England, on behalf of the Dyers’ Company Publications Trust. This book was produced under the auspices of the Dyers’ Company Publications Trust. The Trust was instituted by the Worshipful Company of Dyers of the City of London in 1971 to encourage the publication of textbooks and other aids to learning in the science and technology of colour and coloration and related fields. The Society of Dyers and Colourists acts as trustee to the fund, its Textbooks Committee being the Trust’s technical subcommittee. Typeset by the Society of Dyers and Colourists and printed by Thanet Press Ltd, Kent.
ISBN 0 901956 76 7
CHAPTER 1 1.1 1.2 1.3
An introduction to textiles, dyes and dyeing
Historical background 1 Modern textiles 10 Colour, dyes and dyeing 13 References 19
CHAPTER 2 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 2.5
Fibres and textiles: properties and processing
Properties of fibres 20 Production and properties of yarns 22 Fabric manufacture 25 Preparation for dyeing 29 Dyeing and finishing 32 References 33
CHAPTER 3 3.1 3.2 3.3 3.4
Polymer structure 34 Molecular organisation in fibres 40 Intermolecular forces 42 Thermal properties of polymers 45 References 49
CHAPTER 4 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5
Synthetic fibres 50 Nylon fibres 51 Polyesters 58 Acrylic fibres 65 Other synthetic fibres 68...