Baroque Music History

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earlymusicla.org laweekly Introduction to Baroque Art and Music (pages 94-102) - It originates first in Rome, as a way to glorify the Counter-Reformation Catholic Church, and then spread beyond Italy to Spain, France, Germany, Austria, the Low Countries and England in the early seventeenth Century. -The artists who created Baroque art worked mainly for the pope and important monarchs throughout Europe. -Baroque is the term used to describe the arts generally during the period 1600-1750. Definition: Taken from the Portuguese word barroco, refering to a pearl of irregular shape then used in jewelry and fine decorations. - Baroque had a negative connotation: It signified distortion, excess, and extravagance... except when we get to Vivaldi and Bach. -The Doctrine of Affections held that different musical moods could and should be used to influence the emotions, or affections of the listener. -Musicians spoke of the need to dramatize the text yet maintain a single effection--be it rage, revenge, sorrow, joy, or love--from beginning to end of a piace. - The single most important new genre to emerge in the Baroque period was opera. - The Baroque gave rise to a remarkable variety of musical style, ranging from the expressive monody of Claudio monteverdi (1567-1643) to the complex polyphony of J.S. Bach (1685-1750). -Baroque also introduce many new musical genres--opera, cantata, oratorio, sonata, concerto, and suite -Despite the quick stylistic changes and all the new types of music created, two elements remain constant throughout the Baroque period: an expressive melody and a strong supportive bass. Expressive Melody: - In early Baroque music, the voices are no longer equal. Rather a polarity develops in which the musical emphasis gravitates toward the top and bottom lines. - The musical focus shifts from vocal ensemble to accompanied

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