How is the Baroque world and culture reflected in the work of baroque artists? During the 1600's, Europe was struck by religious turmoil. The previously predominate Catholics had been overwhelmed by the rise of the Protestant Church and this had sparked conflict between the two religious powers of the time. War devastated Europe, killing around a third of the population. Eventually the war ended, northern Europe became predominately protestant and southern Europe remained catholic, however tensions were not completely suppressed.
The Baroque period was an era that took place between 1600-1725. It follows the Renaissance era that was from 1400 to 1600. In Baroque music, representation of extreme affections called for a richer vocabulary. Opera is one of the foremost innovations of the Baroque era which allowed the realization of extreme affections in music. It represents melodic freedom.
The Victorian period, up until the death of Queen Victoria in 1901, was therefore a time of religious confusion, but also, as we will see, of great charity, as well as of birth of new beliefs. What role did religion play in the lives of citizens of this period and their society? The Victorian era was marked by the immense influence of the Church of England in religion, of course, but also in politics- being linked to the government meant it had its hand in certain social decisions, such as the oppression of dissenters. This naturally caused friction amongst people of other faith, especially the Catholics who had previously been stripped of many of their civil rights, which were only returned to them in 1827 by Parliament. They had a long wait until 1840 to see the tax-supported status of the Anglican Church be removed, making them equal once again.
One of the major events that assisted the fall of the Holy Roman Empire was Thirty Years’ War. The event that started the Thirty Years’ War was “defenestration of Prague.” Two of Ferdinand’s officials were thrown out a window. The Lutherans violated the Peace of Augsburg by acquiring German Bishops, Calvinists converting princes, and Jesuits reconverting princes to Catholicism. The Calvinists and Catholics had many advantages because of that which made the Lutherans fear the Peace of Augsburg would be negatively impaired. The Lutheran Princes felt it necessary to create the Protestant Union and in retaliation the Catholics formed to Catholic League.
During the 16th century, the Protestant Reformation took place. The reformation caused a split within Western Christianity, which was started by a few famous Protestants. These reformers protested against the doctrines, rules, and rituals of the Roman Catholic Church. After much protesting, the reformers created new national Protestant churches. Many factors led to the rise of Protestantism, for example, events like the Black Death and the Western Schism.
Catholics, he found, preferred to master their crafts. He accounted this disparity between occupations practitioners of said religions to the religious atmosphere and the ethics of their community. This changed occurred during the reformation in which there was a switch in the assurance of salvation for followers. In the absence of such assurances from religious authority, Weber argued, that Protestants began to search for extrinsic indications of salvation. Calvinism doctrine decreed predestination for its
The setting of opera is credited to a group of intellectuals to whom history has given the name of the Camerata. The Florentine Camerata was a group of humanists, musicians, poets, scientists and intellectuals who in the late Renaissance (late 16th century) period gathered to discuss and guide the trends in art, music and drama. Since the Renaissance was all about the restoration of the Golden Greek age discussions were gravitated and focused towards ancient Greek drama. However the first main obstacle encountered by the Camerata was that in those days contrapuntal music was the trend while a single melodic line was considered as an aberration. This was overcome by the construction of the recitative which is basically a single melodic line accompanied by various instruments.
American Literature 11-30-2011 EIGHTEENTH ENLIGHTENMENT 1The term “Enlightenment” came into use in the English language in the mid 18th century, and was well established by 1751. It was the equivalent of the French term “Lumieres.“ It actually came from Immanuel Kants 1784 essay “Beantwortung der Frage: Was ist Aufklarung?” so it was a German term, which started with Aufklarung, which was synonymous with “Lumieres” and “enlightenment” is Erleuctung. Aufklarung has quite a different meaning. According to Kant, Enlightenment would mean, mankinds final coming of age. To bring the human consciousness from an immature state of ignorance and error.
The songs usually performed by court minstrels most of them dealt with love. The Golden Ages was the best time of the Middle Ages because it was the time between the fall of the Imperial Rome and the beginning of the Renaissance. The Renaissance Period took place from 1450-1600. This period started in Italy and spreaded to the rest of Europe. Three composers from the renaissance were Josquin Desprez, Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina, and William Byrd.
Baroque Music Baroque music is a style of Western art music collected from about 1600 to 1750. This age followed the Renaissance, and was shadowed in turn by the Classical era. Baroque music articulates order, the important order of the universe. However it is always energetic and melodic. Music imitates the atmosphere of the eras, then as now as always.