In the story “Barn Burning” William Faulkner uses many literary techniques in his writing to create a certain mood in the story. He uses things such as sentence structure, organization, tone, and diction to establish this mood. The mood of this story changes it starts out more dark and somber but this mood lifts and starts to parallel Sarty’s new life at the end. Faulkner uses these techniques to create a mood for the characters in the story as well as the overall feeling the reader gets when they are reading it. Faulkner uses these techniques to reinforce his theme of Sarty’s maturation.
Faulkner’s sentence structure contains long drawn out sentences that make the reader almost get lost in the story while reading it.
The boy, crouched on his nail keg at the back of the crowded room, knew he smelled cheese, and more: from where he sat he could see the ranked shelves close-packed with the solid, squat, dynamic shapes of tin cans whose labels his stomach read, not from the lettering which meant nothing to his mind but from the scarlet devils and the silver curve of fish - this, the cheese which he knew he smelled and the hermetic meat which his intestines believed he smelled coming in intermittent gusts momentary and brief between the other constant one, the smell and sense just a little of fear because mostly of despair and grief, the old fierce pull of blood (Faulkner 147). This example of typical Faulkner sentence structure demonstrates how he would join sentences with sentences and clauses with clauses. A sense of continuity is developed by this sentence structure. The way that Faulkner puts his sentences together lacks a definite conclusion to what the issue that he is talking about at the moment. Sometimes the reader often forgets what the start of the sentence was about. This sentence structure affects the mood by almost getting the reader lost while reading. Not having that clear resolution of what is happening or...