Bandura: Observational Learning

2257 Words10 Pages
Unlike other species, humans are not born with instinctive survival skills, yet we are the most developed species on Earth, having constantly adapted the environment to suit our needs. As humans, we are constantly learning from each other and always building on what we know. For example, parents raising children today have much more information about how to prepare for the moments before childbirth. Doctors are better prepared to carry out the delivery of a child and ensure both the mother and child survive the process. With such a view, can we really say that all of our learning is structured, intentional and pre-determined as would be the perspective of environmentalism? Similarly, can we fully remove the effect of the environment (imagine someone unable to afford a decent hospital in a developing country) on our development and focus on cognitive processes? Albert Bandura was the youngest of six children and grew up in a small town in Canada. His elementary school and high school years were spent at the only school in this small town where, because of scarce resources, students often worked based on their own initiative. He happened onto psychology by chance when he was attending the University of British Columbia and needed an early class to complete his schedule. He continued his study of psychology at the University of Iowa where he went on to receive his master’s degree and his Ph.D. (p. 484 - 485). Bandura is a leading psychologist of the 21st Century who is recognized as the pioneer of the social cognition theory, which is developed from the assumption that we abstract information from others, and learn in this process. It rests a central role to cognitive, vicarious, self-regulatory and self-reflective processes in human adaptation and change. Self-efficacy Self-efficacy is central to Bandura's concept of social cognitive learning, emphasizing

More about Bandura: Observational Learning

Open Document