Balochistan Issues Essay

2908 WordsMay 3, 201312 Pages
Baluchistan issues (Problems and solutions) Outlines • Introduction • British Era and Sandeman System • Since independence • Reasons for the clashes • Provincial dependence & tribal Culture • Resource utilization • Government’s overlook • Role of elders • Religious intolerance • Strategic geography • History of the clashes • The Current rebel and Baloch autonomy • Uprising and Geo‐Politics of Energy Resources • Rebellion Groups in Baluchistan • Immigrants issue & current affairs of Baluchistan • Is autonomous Baluchistan viable? • Possibilities for independent Baluchistan • Baluchistan Package • Solutions Baluchistan is one fourth of Pakistan geographically, least populated and resource‐rich province. It has common borders with all the three provinces. Baluchistan has a long costal line with Arabian Sea in the south. In the West it has 814 km long border with Iran; and finally in the west and north‐west it has a border of 1096 km with Afghanistan. It is 5% Pakistan by population. Baluchistan has six percent Punjabis, 35% Pashtun and 55% Baloch population. On the eve of creation of Pakistan, Baluchistan had two parts: the British Baluchistan comprising Quetta, Pishin, Zhob, Loralai and Lasbela and the native Baluchistan constituting Kalat, Kharan and Makran. Makran was made district within the province of Baluchistan, excluding area of 800 km around Gwadar, which was under Oman imperialism. In1783, Taimur Sultan, the defeated ruler of Musqat, was given suzerainty over Gwadar by khan of Kalat. When the sultan subsequently retook Muscat, he continued his rule in Gwadar by appointing a wali. This wali was then ordered to subjugate the nearby coastal town of Chah Bahar. Pakistan purchased Gwadar in September 1958. Gwadar was made part of Baluchistan province in 1977 after Baluchistan was made province on July 1, 1970, by giving up

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