‘Balochistan, the largest province of Pakistan, thinly populated, occupies
much significance not only in the geo-politics of Pakistan, rather it enjoys
much strategic importance in this part of the globe’.
shares borders of about 625 miles with Afghanistan to its northwest and of
about 475 miles with Iran to its west. Some 562 miles of the Persian Gulf’s
Makran Coast are in Balochistan’.
‘The strategic position of the Balochistan
is unique in the world. It is a gateway to South Asia, Middle East and Central
Asia. It is rich with mineral and natural resources, which are a bone of
contention and rivalry between Centre and nationalism forces’.
collapse of the Soviet Union, landlocked Central Asian Republics merged,
which are rich in energy resources and need a route for export of energy
resources and international trade. Balochistan can be of great importance in
this regard due to its potential to become an international energy corridor
and transit route for trade and commerce’.
‘The Baloch are only 3.57% of
Pakistan’s 165.8 million people’.
Baloch nationalism straddles across borders of Iran, Pakistan and
Afghanistan. It also harbors the ambition of amalgamation of Brauhi Balochs
and Sulemani Balochs who speak different languages and a varied set of
social customs and norms. The political leadership of Balochistan argue that
British government always treated them differently and they enjoyed special
status and relationship with British Indian government. Their earlier attempts
for independent state were tactfully thwarted by the political leadership of Concerns of Balochistan
Pakistan. They accepted the amalgamation with the state of Pakistan but got
apprehensive about the fact that Baloch population was only a small fraction
of the total population of Pakistan and hence in a serious danger of loss of
identity if not duly protected. The later events like...