SciTronics had a total of $ 102,000 (75,000 + 27,000) of capital at year-end 2008 and earned before interest but after taxes (EBIAT) $ 16,120 (avg. tax rate = 38%) during 2008. Its return on capital was 15.8% in 2008 which represented an increase from the 8.7% earned in 2005. 4. SciTronics had $ 75,000 of owners’ equity and earned $ 14,000 after taxes in 2008.
Debt to assets ratio $1,202,134 (total debt) / $1,404,726 (total assets) = 87.4% B.) ROA is a measure of profitability or effectiveness of resource usage calculated by expressing a company’s net income as a percentage of total assets. As for Sepracor, its ROA is 4.5%. This means that Sepracor created 4.5 cents of earnings from each dollar of assets. The ROE for Sepracor is 33.07%, which means that 33.07 cents of assets are created for each dollar that was originally invested.
Explain how an increase in federal budget deficit due to recession can stabilize the economy. A deficit means that the government spends more than it receives in tax revenues in a given year (O’Sullivan, Sheffrin, & Perez 2010, p. 374). The total deficit is spending, plus all the interest payments on top of the original debt, minus the total tax revenue (http://www.blurtit.com). There are three factors, known as automatic stabilizers, that affect and stabilize the economy, they are: 1) government purchases of goods and services, such as public safety, government transfer of payments, and unemployment insurance, 2) Medicaid or Medicare etc.,and 3) the collection of taxes. If the government cut taxes or increases transfer payments such as unemployment insurance and food stamps this helps to offset the decrease in household income.
Case Study Decision case 13-5: Acquisition Case GB518 Financial Accounting Principles and Analysis 1. To determine the liquidity of Heavy Duty Tractors the following measures were used. * The working capital was calculated by subtracting current liabilities from current assets. Working capital 2007: $215,180,000 - $126,250,000 = $88,930,000 Working capital 2008: $324,120,000 - $162,300,000 = $161,820,000 From this, we can see between the two years the working capital almost doubled between 2007 and 2008. * The current ratio = Current asset/Current liabilities Current ratio 2007 = $215,180/$126,250 =1.70 to 1 Current ratio 2008 = $324,120/$162,300 = 2.00 to 1 Between the years of 2007 and 2008, the current ratio increased.
Describe the Federal Reserve’s assessment of the current economic activity and financial markets. The levels of uncertainty associated the projections for economic growth and inflation is considered greater than the levels that have been consistent over the past 20 years. The contributing factors for this assessment include the severity of the recent recession, the uncertain effects of the current stance of monetary policy, uncertainty about the direction of fiscal policy, and structural dislocations in the labor market (Monetary Policy Report, 2011). The most frequently cited downside risks included a potential for a large negative effect on consumer spending from higher food and energy prices, a weaker labor market, falling house prices,
This causes the preference to save money or not to spend at certain periods of time. The removal of the tax deduction on mortgage interest will reduce the demand for houses. If there is no benefit such as this to buying a home, many consumers will feel that there is no point in getting a house. The government will do whatever they feel is best for the country, but when you look at certain things in our country such as tax deductions. They will have the power to draw a
Question: : (TCO D) A company issues $5,000,000, 7.8/%, 20-year bonds to yield 8% on January 1, 2010. Interest is paid on December 31. The proceeds from the bonds are $4,901,036. Using effective-interest amortization, how much interest expense will be recognized in 2010? 15.
In that same year the average yearly income for was $750! Present day standards for the yearly average income are 18,500. Henry Ford now would be making around 345 million. The disparity in wealth grew largely throughout 1920 .the number of millionaires increased from 21 in 1920 to close to 15,00 in 1929 . The average disposable Income rose 9% from 1920 to 1929, while the top 1% enjoyed a stupendous 75% increase of disposable income.
* $18 M purchase price * $1.8 M selling price * Investment in PPE (2007) was $16 M * Investment in PPE (2008) was $2 M * $4 M in Sales (2008) * $10 M in Sales (2009-2013) * COGS: 75% of Sales * SG&A: 5% of Sales * $2 M Operating Savings (2008) * $3.5 M Operating Savings (2009-2013) * Depreciation was on a straight-line basis for 6 years beginning in 2008 * $18 M / 6 years = $3 M * 40% tax rate * NWC: 10% of Sales * Salvage value was zero * The FCF per year was determined using the following: * Net Income + Depreciation Expense - ∆ Net Working Capital + Investment in PPE After generating the FCF for each year, I had to solve for NPV and IRR to value the investment. I calculated 2 NPVs—one using Excel’s NPV equation and the other by discounting each year’s FCF using the WACC I calculated earlier. Both methods gave me negative NPVs. * Excel NPV: ($489,344.33) * Discounted FCF NPV: ($538,153.89) Lastly, I used Excel to
Thatcherites were extremely traditional in their view of the constitution and political system. Modern conservatives now accept that constitutional reform is essential and that the political system needs a good deal of democratic renewal. Although tax cuts are part of the ‘Cameron agenda’ in the long run, the modern party accepts that tax cutting should not be part of a dogmatic ideology, but instead should only be undertaken when the economic conditions are favourable. In general Cameron’s Conservative party is more adaptable and pragmatic, whereas Thatcherism was a more fixed, dogma with fixed principles. The following points could be seen as ways in which the modern Conservative Party retains Thatcherite ideas.