Balanced Approach to Reading

341 Words2 Pages
These five areas became known as the five “pillars” of reading instruction and the cement that held these pillars up was scientific evidence-based research. (Cassidy, p644) This essay will introduce, define and describe the five pillars of reading. It will provide an explanation of how the five pillars are integrated in a balanced approach to reading, and the effectiveness of this approach will be discussed. The pillars and the scientific research that supports them have deeply influenced elementary reading instruction in this decade. (Cassidy, p646) (*check these) 3 large scale reviews in last 10 years tells us a lot about how we should teach literacy: •National Reading Panel (NICHHD, 2000) •National Inquiry into the Teaching of Literacy (DEST, 2005) •Independent Review of the Teaching of Early Reading in the UK (Rose, 2006) The essay will then continue to look at how each of the five pillars are taught in conjunction with the Australian Curriculum’s Year One English content, and will address the importance of explicit teaching of components, and varying classroom instructional procedures. Define and describe the five pillars of reading (20 marks) Phonological awareness “Phonological awareness is defined as the ability to understand the phonological structure of a language, regardless of the semantic meaning of the word.” And Phonological awareness has been identified as a crucial precursor ability for writing and reading competences. (Frohlich… 2013, p6) Phonological awareness is sensitivity to the sound structure of language. It demands the ability to turn one’s attention to sounds in spoken language while temporarily shifting away from its meaning. … Children who can detect and manipulate sounds in speech are phonologically aware. (Yopp, 2009, p12) Phonological awareness is highly related to later success in reading and spelling.
Open Document