Aztec and Incan Empires

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Introduction The Aztec and Incan empires were dominating civilizations in the 15th century. Both of these conquering empires had agriculture, political systems, religion, trade, military, and many languages. Their organized systems of government led them to conquer many neighboring lands, enabling them to expansion, reaching their peak of population in the 16th century. Contrary to their major expansion, they later reached their tragic defeat in the early 17th century, when the Spaniards traveled through the Americas. Although their reign was not as long, their way of life impacted the new world in a great way from their ideas, creativity, and government. Although these empires have an extensive amount of similarities, they also have many differences that set each of them apart. The Aztec Empire Beginning with the Aztec empire, these people were looked upon as a “seminomadic group”. Established in Modern-day Mexico, they began their empire on a young island called Lake Texcoco, with their capital city of Tenochititlan (Strayer 589-590). The people in the Aztec society were clearly categorized in their differences and hierarchies. A person who lived among them and knew the laws of the Aztecs can distinguish between the commoners, great lords, or noblemen. Within the laws of this tribe one had to abide by a certain dress code (Strayer 602). These laws were listed under King Moctezuma’s “Laws, Ordinances, and Regulations.” This document describes first what the king should wear, then the great lords, the common soldiers, the commoners, and lastly the noblemen. Alongside of clothing this document also states regulations on lifestyle. For an example, only noblemen were allowed to have two story houses, and if someone disobeyed this law they would be put to death (Strayer 602). Observing these regulations one will notice that the Aztecs had a strict society in which

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