Martial Law Reforms in Ayub Khan’s period Pakistan
A Land reforms Commission was set up on 31st October, 1958. It announced agricultural reforms on 24th January, 1959, According to these reforms, no person was to own more than 500 acres of irrigated or 1000 acres of non-irrigated land. The land released was distributed among the tenants and other deserving claimants. The landlords were compensated of their snatched lands within 25 years on instalments. The tenants could pay for the land on instalments. The Jagirs were confiscated without any compensation. Tenants could not be ejected without k-gal proceedings.
These reforms affected six thousands landlords in the West Pakistan. For the peasants it proved a Magna Carta of rights. They became master of land. The reforms eliminated social and economic injustice. “Due to many loopholes in his reforms, the landlords could still own and cultivate upto about 2000 acies of irrigated or 4000 acres non-irrigated U»nd if they transferred some of their land to their legal heirs and converted some into orchards, nurseries and game preserves. It has been estimated that 2.3 million acres of land was acquired under the land reforms and of these 930,000 acres consisted of waste, hills and riverbeds. The big landlords transferred another 5 to 6 million acres to middle farmers. Thus, the main beneficiaries of these reforms were the middle farmers whose average holdings increased by 33.6%”
[Politics in Pakistan by Khalid B Sayeed page 56]
2. Educational Reforms
National Commission on Education was set up on 30th December, 1958. It formulated a plan to raise the academic standard. It recommended for summer courses in different disciplines attended by the University and College teachers and supervised by the eminent local and foreign specialists. It also recommended a purposeful education at Secondary Level