Awesome Essay

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By the 1600s, Spain, England, and France were all struggling to establish footholds in the newly discovered American continent. Spain achieved initial success when the Spanish conquistadors plundered the Mayan, Aztec, and Incan empires in South America. The French were also successful in the New World, when they established trading outposts along the Saint Lawrence river and traded with the Native Americans for precious animal furs. The English began their colonization efforts in the 1580s when they established their first permanent colonies at Roanoke, Jamestown, and Plymouth. The Roanoke, Jamestown, and Plymouth colonies can all be compared on the basis of the motivation for settling, economic conditions, race relations, problems, and the lessons that the English learned for future colonization. Roanoke was England's first attempt at colonizing North America. In the 1580s, Sir Walter Raleigh organized and financed a force of mainly soldiers to establish a colony on an island that had been deemed by scouts as rich and plentiful. The force landed in modern North Carolina and named their colony Roanoke. The motivations for the expedition were to make money from farming the fertile soil, to find gold, and to inaugurate a base from which Spanish ships filled with silver and other resources could be raided by British pirates. Relations with the Native Americans quickly diminished when the settlers killed the natives' leader out of fear of attack. The colony faced many problems including the geography of the settlement, the Native Americans, and the lack of supplies and support the colony received. Since Roanoke was located on an island the colonists were trapped in the event of an invasion by hostile native forces. In addition, after Sir Raleigh brought more settlers to Roanoke in 1587, he did not revisit the colony until 1590 due to his involvement in the

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