Autism and Social Skills

2867 Words12 Pages
Evaluating the Effectiveness of Social Skills Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders: Evaluating the Effectiveness of Social Skills Interventions for Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders Social skills are the basic foundation necessary for getting along with others. A lack of social skills in an individual can cause many problems for that person. Some problems that have been associated with a lack of social skills are the development of behavioral difficulties, peer rejection, emotional difficulties, becoming a victim of bullying, difficulty in making friends, aggressiveness, poor self-concept, and academic failures. Individuals with Autism Spectrum Disorders often suffer from a profound impairment in social functioning. Thus, individuals with Autism often require direct instruction and additional training in order to develop appropriate social skills. Since the year 1999, many interventions have been used in an attempt to develop social skills in individuals with Autism. These interventions have included Social Stories, Video Modeling, Computer-Based Instruction, Applied Behavioral Analysis, Self-Management, Priming, Scripting, Pivotal Response Training, Cognitive Behavior Therapy, Group Social Skills Training, Peer Training, Parent Training, and Activity Based Training. As the years have passed, these intervention strategies have become more sophisticated, and have explicitly targeted specific behaviors, such as perspective taking, identifying another person’s emotions, and initiating conversations. In addition, the research in the area of social skills development has focused on finding out if generalization of the skills occurs across settings, and if the intervention strategies provide improvements that last over time. The purpose of this literature review is to examine the empirical literature and critical
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