Autism Essay

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“Autism is a complex developmental disability that typically appears during the first three years of life and affects a person’s language development and social skills; or their ability to communicate and interact with others” (Autism Society of America). “Autism is defined by a certain set of behaviors and is a "spectrum disorder" that affects individuals differently and to varying degrees” (Autism Society of America). Since autism can vary in severity there can be two children with autism but one may be lacking social skills and have more developed language skills and vice versa for the other child. The characteristics can vary in each child as each child is different. Once a child is diagnosed as autistic the diagnosis will never go away but if there is intervention and help for the child then the symptoms and characteristics of the disorder will fade. Some signs that can be easily noticed if watched for are, “lack of or delay in spoken language, repetitive use of language and/or motor mannerisms (for example hand-flapping, twirling objects), little or no eye contact, lack of interest in peer relationships, lack of spontaneous or make-believe play, and persistent fixation on parts of objects” (Autism Society of America). “Persons with autism may also exhibit some of the following traits: Insistence on sameness; resistance to change, difficulty in expressing needs; using gestures or pointing instead of words, repeating words or phrases in place of normal, responsive language, laughing (and/or crying) for no apparent reason; showing distress for reasons not apparent to others, preference to being alone, tantrums, difficulty in mixing with others, not wanting to cuddle or be cuddled, little or no eye contact, unresponsive to normal teaching methods, sustained odd play, apparent over-sensitivity or under-sensitivity to pain, no real fears of danger, noticeable

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