Autism Essay

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Defining Disability Disability is defined when a person has a particular impairment and suffers from social exclusion. This could happen in people with physical impairment, sensory impairment, mental problems and behavioral difficulties (BFI, 2008). UNCRPD and the UPIAS The UN Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities (UNCRPD) is a policy and legislative guidance on equality of human rights and fundamental freedoms. The UNCRPD states respect for dignity, non-discrimination, tolerance, and equality in prospects and ease of access. UPIAS which stands for The Union of the Physically Impaired Against Segregation. UPIAS termed the word “disability” in a social context. UPIAS was useful for characterizing disability as a power relationship of control (GMCPD). The Medical and Social Models of Disability The medical model generally assigns problems in learning due to the fact that the person might have a deficit or impairment. On the contrary the social model of disability encourages inclusive education which was firstly promoted by the Disability Rights movement. The social model of disability helps to eliminate impediments that might be present for the student and his or her environment. The vital distinction between the two models is stated in the UPIAS report of disability which states this: “ The disadvantage or restriction of ability caused by cotemporary social organization which takes little or no account of people who have physical impairments and thus excludes them from participation in the mainstream of social activities.” UPIAS, 1976: 14) In the previous years the medical model of disability has directed what is called the ‘over-individualsing’ of students’ problems in learning. On the other hand the social model has directed the learning system in the course of their traditions, syllabus, pedagogy, rules, customs and

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