Australopithecus H. Erectus Summary

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Jamison Baskin Mr. Dickerson Chapter 8 1. What were the main differences between H. habilis and H. erectus? Was H. habilis more like H. erectus, or more like the australopithecines? a. Reconstruction of Australopithecus running bipedally with a pebble tool in hand. Along with tool use and manufacture, bipedalism is a key part of being human. Compared with contemporary humans, early hominins had very small brains. Australopithecus afarensis, a bipedal hominin that lived more than three million years ago, had a cranial capacity that barely surpassed the chimp average. On the basis of its back teeth, it seemed more like Australopithecus. There also are problems with dating. The best dating guess is 1.8 m.y.a., but another estimate…show more content…
Warmer offshore waters. The quantity and variety of edible species increased tremendously in water over the shelf. Furthermore, because river now flowed more gently in the oceans, fish such as salmon could ascend river spawn. Flocks of birds that nested in seaside marshes migrated across Europe during the winter. Even inland Europeans could take advantage of new resources, such as migratory birds and spring time fish runs, which filled the river of south western France. 4. What was the significance of Cave Art Upper Paleolithic people? a. It isn’t the tools or the skeletons of upper Paleolithic people but their art that has made them most familiar to us. Most extraordinary are the cave paintings, the earliest of which dates back some 36,000 years. More than a hundred cave painting sites are known, mainly from a limited area of southwestern France and adjacent northeastern Spain. The most famous site is Lascaux, found in 1940 in southwestern France by a dog and his young human companions. Most interpretation associate cave painting with magic and ritual surrounding the hunt. For example, because animals are sometimes depicted with spears in their bodies, the paintings might have been attempts to ensure success in hunting. Artist might have believed that by capturing the animal’s image in paint and predicting the kill, they could influence the hunt’s

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