Marcel Merle, "L'Anticolonialisme Europeen, de Casas a Marx," in Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction, by Robert J.C Young (Malden, MA/ Oxford, UK/Carlton, Australia: Blackwell Publishing, 2001), 30. 4. Edward Said W., "Culture and Imperialism," in Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction, by Robert J.C Young (Malden, MA/ Oxford, UK/Carlton, Australia: Blackwell Publishing, 2001), 463. 5. Robert J.C Young, Postcolonialism: An Historical Introduction (Malden, MA/Oxford, UK/Carlton, Australia: Blackwell Publishing, 2001), 30.
The attitudes and perceptions held about Indigenous Australians by Australians of European descent have changed over two hundred years of colonisation. Social Darwinism is among the leading ideological paradigms that have formed and maintained attitudes and perceptions, and influenced laws from 1770 to the present. Darwin’s theory of natural selection is a biological theory about how new species are formed and existing ones become extinct. Darwinism maintains that variations between existing organisms within a species confer differences in their survival and reproductive success. Progeny that inherit advantageous characteristics have an enhanced ability to survive and reproduce, ensuring that, over time, adaptive change will modify a
 Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority: http://www.acara.edu.au/verve/_resources/Australian_Curriculum_-_History.pdf> at 19th March, 2011  Macquarie Encyclopaedic Dictionary, 2nd ed., 2011, Macquarie Dictionary Publishers, Sydney, p305  Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority: www.acara.edu.au> at 17th March
Individual Essay “How has the Americanisation of Australian culture influenced the franchise industry of Australia, and has this had a positive impact?” Prime Minister John Howard once quoted stating that ‘cultural vitality has a role in shaping national identity’ (Howard, 1995). Australian identity has shaped dramatically through the American influence rising in the 90’s and well into present times. To understand this change we have to analyse not only the impact it has had on Australian culture but also the impact on Australian businesses which are driven by the consumers of Australia. Looking at the Franchise sector, a $131 billion business with over 73000 franchise units currently operating we can see what type of business Australian consumers are driving. A massive opportunity then is available to capitalise on the strong influence of
[ 4 ]. Spielvogel, Jackson J. "Chapter 11.3 The New Order and the Holocaust." Glencoe World History: Modern times. New York: Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, 2006.
Contemporary and vintage photography. Miles Aldridge, Mike Disfarmer, Vivian Maier, Jim Marshall, Daido Moriyama, Wingate Paine, Lawrence Schiller, Weegee, Brett Weston. Retrieved July 5, 2012, from http://www.stevenkasher.com Mountford, C. P. (1968). Australian Aboriginal art. Melbourne: Newcraft