Only 8% of the broader Australian population are being effected where as 35% are in most Aboriginal regions (Shukla 2010, p.60). The 17-year life expectancy break concerning the two populations along with these figures is of great concern because they show an extremely bad health status within the Australian Aboriginal community (AIDA 2008,
Assessment 2- Jayde Rogan Manage Programs that Promote Personal Effectiveness Cause and extent of the identiﬁed health issue According to Diabetes Australia approximately 280 Australians a day develop diabetes and it is estimated that more than half the cases of type 2 diabetes go undiagnosed. They state that by 2031 3.3 million Australians will have type 2 diabetes and the financial costs will be significant. Their study found that type 2 diabetes will cost $10.3 billion, With productivity losses at $4.1 billion. This is a substantial amount of cost for workplaces, so it is in their best interest to support their workers towards a healthier lifestyle to reduce loss of productivity. Diabetes Australia found that approximately every day 280 Australians develop the disease diabetes.
(2012, May). Retrieved October 29, 2013, from Refugee Council of Australia: http://www.refugeecouncil.org.au/f/as-link.php Twenty years too long: the history of mandatory detention. (2012, June). Retrieved October 28, 2013, from Solidarity.net.au: http://www.solidarity.net.au/46/twenty-years-too-long-the-history-of-mandatory-detention/ Boat arrivals in Australia since 1976. (2013, July 23).
Globally 285 million people currently have diabetes, which is estimated to double by 2030. The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) currently states that the top 5 countries with the highest amount of diabetic patients are as follows: * United States * Russia * Brazil * China * India 1.3 Describe possible key long-term complications to health as a result of having diabetes One of which a long term complication that diabetes can occur is having high blood sugar levels over a long period of time. This is the only factor that someone's risk for complications, genetics can also have a negative impact. The major
Discuss why obesity is a National Health Priority in Australia. With the development of society, obesity problem become more and more irresistible. Australia should pay attention to this problem and make it national health priority like diabetes, cancer, mental health and heart disease. On one hand, obesity becomes a universal phenomenon in Australia. The Government of NSW (2012) stated that in 2011, about 52.6% of adults have overweight or obesity in Australia.
Germov, J (2009) Imagining Health Problems as Social Issues (Chapter 1) in Germov (ed) Second Opinion; An Introduction to Health Sociology, Oxford University Press, Melbourne, pp 3-24. Health & Ageing Australia, 2010, ‘Transforming the Nations’s Healthcare’, Faircountmedia Group, Bondi, NSW, Australia Julia Gillard Labor Party Launch Brisbane 15th August 2010 Marmot M. 2004. Status syndrome: how your social standing directly affects your health and life expectancy. Bloomsbury Publishing: London. National Rural Health Alliance Inc.
Obesity bares two costs economically; direct costs of treatment and healthcare of obesity related disease, and indirect costs of productivity losses (absenteeism contributing to forgone revenue), premature mortality, as well as, carers, technology, and welfare payments for the obese. In 2005 the total direct and indirect cost of obesity in Australia was $3.767 billion dollars; of this 23% ($873 million) were costs to the healthcare system (Access Economics, 2006). Direct healthcare costs rose in 2010 to $1.3 billion, indirect costs to $6.6 billion, and including burden of disease costs (reduced quality of life) raising the total economic cost to $37.7 billion dollars (Medibank, 2010, pg.
Hispanics are at a greater risk of developing diabetes Type 2. Latinos and Hispanics are twice as likely to have complications like nerve damage, heart disease, kidney disease, high blood pressure and blindness due to diabetes. In Latinos and Hispanics the rate for developing diabetes at an early age is higher, around the age of 20. Physicians are twice more likely to diagnose Mexican Americans with diabetes than non-Hispanic and their chance of dying from the disease is 50% higher than Hispanic whites. Diabetes is the 6th leading cause of death in Hispanics/Latinos living in the United States and 4th leading cause for Hispanic/Latino
For example, a study was done on the Pukapukans of the Cook Islands, the Europeanized New Zealand Maori, and the developing Rarotangans. The results were then compared to evaluate disease rate. The Pukapukans were not economically developed and had low levels of imported sugar and salt and low levels of heart disease, high blood pressure, and diabetes. In Rarotonga, economic success was introducing town life, so sugar and salt intakes nearly tripled, dramatically increasing the rates of high blood pressure, diabetes, heart disease, and obesity. In New Zealand Maori (which had been Europeanized), gout, diabetes, and heart disease were much higher than the rates in Pukapuka.
International Diabetes Federation was estimated that the impaired glucose tolerance was as high as diabetes in all regions. The costs of diabetes care are alarmingly high. The incidence of depression is higher in diabetics and diabetes is one of the risk factors for depression (Robbins et al, 2001; Paeratakul et al, 2002; Katon, 2010). The assessment of risk factors and signs and symptoms of complications of diabetes are very much needed. As well creating awareness regarding prevention of diabetes complication and self-care management is more important.