(1) p.112 Natl. Health Spending as a percent of GNP . 1999 & now. In 1996 healthcare spending was estimated to be more than a trillion dollars (Dychtwald). The population of 65 and older accounts for approximately 13% of our nation’s population, and they account for 24.1% of the total hospital visits (Dychtwald).
The total rate of imprisonment in Australia in 1995 was 119 per 100,000 adults (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 1997) and 411 for the USA (Bureau of Justice Statistics, 1997). By the year 2008 Australia’s rate had risen to 169 (ABS, 2009), whereas the USA had a considerable increase to 760 per 100,000 adults (BJS, 2009). Female rates of imprisonments are considerably lower than men in both jurisdictions. In Australia in 1995 the rate was 12 (ABS, 1997) and the prisoner population for females in the USA at the same time was 51 (BJS, 1995). By 2008 the rates for females in Australia doubled to 24 (ABS, 2009) and in the USA increased to 67 (BJS, 2009).
Describe how Australia’s labour market conditions have changed Part 1. Statistics * In July 2011, the unemployment rate steadied at just fewer than 5% which is seen as an ideal number. * Total job vacancies overall in May 2011 were 186,000, * The number of job vacancies in the private sector was 167,800 in May 2011 * The number of job vacancies in the public sector was 18,200 by May 2011 * July 2011 saw the participation rate at 66% * Employment increased to 11,450,500 in July 2011 * This is a slight rise from June 2011 Part 2: Essay The labour market is one of the most important sectors of an economy. It has a direct impact on our lives because at some stage we will participate in it. Governments
Size of the Federal Government The government agency that I chose is the U.S. Department of Health & Human Services. The responsibilities that the agency holds are providing health care insurance for Americans under Medicare and Medicaid. The Medicare program that they hold is the nation’s largest health insurer that handles more than one billion claims per year. The Health and Human Services (HHS) closely works with state and local governments. There are different programs that are administered by 11 operating divisions, including eight agencies in the U.S. Public Health Service and three human services agencies.
Another comes from the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services that recently determined that one-third of all health care consumed in the U.S. is unnecessary. That means that 33% of care covered by our insurance companies may not be medically necessary. It is no coincidence that over the last decade, hip replacements have increased by a third, knee replacements are up 70%, and MRI/CT/PET scans have
In 1993, the community programs served over 170,000 people. State financial support to local programs has increased from $165.8 million in 1980 to $1 billion in 1993. This dramatic increase in state support for community mental health was made possible by closing state hospitals such as The Traverse City State Hospital that cost as much as $500,000 per bed per year. (Michaelsen
Attitudes to Palliative Care Ageing and dying, the normal process of time-related change begins with birth and continues throughout life. According to report released by Palliative care Australia (2006), approximately 77,000 people each year are diagnosed with a terminal illness. In 2005, there were 130,700 death registered in Australia. Form the statistics, there is no denying that palliative care is one of the most crucial fields in the Australian health system. Palliative care Australia defines palliative care is specialized care and support provided for someone living with a terminal illness.
According to the United States Census Bureau, roughly 55% obtain insurance through an employer, while about 10% purchase it directly. About 31% of Americans were enrolled in a public health insurance program: 14.5% (45 million – although that number has since risen to 48 million) had Medicare, 15.9% (49 million) has Medicaid, and 4.2% (13 million) had military health insurance (there is some overlap, causing percentages to add up to more than 100%). The percentage of non-elderly workers with employer-sponsored coverage has been falling, from 68% in 2000 to 61% in 2009, the latest year for which data is available. While the primary cause of falling rates of insurance is the rising cost of health care for employers, the economic downturn since
Many had experienced more than one mental illness at a time, such as anxiety and depression, which commonly occur together. Each year a further 20 000 Australians are found to have a mental illness. In 2010, mental illnesses were ranked fourth among the leading causes of disease burden in Australia, carrying a greater burden of illness and disability than any of the other problems. Under the new reform to increase the mental health budget to 2.2 billion over the next five years, $580.5 million has to be redirected from the Better Access program. This slash in the Better Access program, despite helping the Government’s new commitment to mental, would have translated to a reduction in
There has been a definite growth in the overall healthcare resources and health related manpower in the last decade. The number of hospitals grew from 11,174 hospitals in 1991 (57% private) to 18,218 (75% private) in 20007. In 2000, the country had 1.25 million doctors and 0.8 million nurses. That translates into one doctor for every 1800 people. If other systems including Indigenous System of Medicine (ISM) and homeopathic medicine are