Australia Day Research Paper

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The first fleet under Arthur Phillip arrived in Australia on the 26th of January 1788 and was the first European settlement and penal colony at Sydney Cove, New South Wales. It is on this day, every year, Australia Day is celebrated. Governor Phillip was instructed to establish the first British colony and was made Captain-General and Governor-in-Chief of New South Wales. In 1791, another British colony arrived in Western Australia when George Vancouver claimed the Albany region in the name of King George III. In 1827, Western Australia was established. Major Edmund Lockyer established a small British settlement at Albany known as King Georges Sound. A short time later in 1829 the new Swan River colony was officially proclaimed and Captain James Stirling was its first governor. The colony was proclaimed as a British penal settlement in 1849…show more content…
Convicts arrived at this settlement in 1824. It was Matthew Flinders who first suggested the name Australia and was supported by governor Macquarie in 1819 – 1821. A meeting was held in 1899 and the premiers of the other colonies agreed to locate the new federal capital of Australia in New South Wales and added this section to the Australian constitution. In 1909 a portion of New South Wales was surrendered to become the commonwealth of Australia. The Australian Capital Territory was declared on the first of January 1911 and became a self governing territory in 1989. It was Sir Walter Gurley Griffin who designed Canberra. In 1901, through the federation of the 6 states under a single constitution, the commonwealth of Australia was formed. Edmond Barton became Prime Minister and Lord Hopetoun became governor-general. One of the first acts of the new Commonwealth Parliament was to pass the immigration restriction act, which restricted migration to people of primarily European
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