Australia and the World Essay

3622 WordsOct 1, 201215 Pages
What were the main political and economic reasons behind the Australian governments’ pursuit of policies of mass immigration from the late 1940s to the late 1960s? In what ways have government and community attitudes to large-scale immigration changed since then? Australia is known throughout the world as a multicultural society. Its large-scale migration program at the end of World War Two is one of the major building foundations leading to our identity. Agreements were reached with Britain, some European countries and with the International Refugee Organization to encourage migration, including displaced people from war-torn Europe. In this essay I will talk about the main political and economic reasons behind the Australian government's embark on mass immigration from the late 1940s to the late 1960s and how they shaped immigration policy during that era. I will also discuss the cultural and government attitudes since then and how this contrasts to the late 1940s to the late 1960s. Political: White Australian Policy For a long time, Australia had an immigration policy called the White Australia Policy. The White Australia Policy was a government policy that was brought in to make sure that only people from England and Europe were allowed to move to Australia. This meant that people from Asia and other non-Europeans were forbidden to migrate to Australia. The White Australia policy had its basis in the Commonwealth of Australia Constitution Act 1900, passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom in July 1900, which came into force on 1 January 1901. Under the terms of this Act: the powers of the Commonwealth parliament included the power to make lows for the peace, order, and good government of the Commonwealth with respect to naturalisation and aliens; the people of any race, other that the aboriginal race in any state, for whom it was deemed necessary

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