Australia Essay

1733 WordsFeb 20, 20127 Pages
“Australia is commonly known as the oldest continent. Zircons dated between 4,300 and 4,200 million years have been found in the Archean rocks of the Mt Narryer area of Western Australia, and the microfossils and stromatolites of the Pilbara, also in WA, are amongst the earliest known life on Earth.” (E. B. Joyce, 16th September 1999). In land area, Australia is the sixth largest nation after Russia, Canada, China, the United States of America and Brazil. However, it has a relatively small population. Australia is a unique and diverse country in every way - in culture, population, climate, geography, and history. Moreover, Australia is developed country with the thirteenth largest economy. Australian culture is as broad and varied as the country's landscape. This country is multicultural and multiracial; therefore, it has a great impact on the country's food, lifestyle and experience. Besides, indigenous Australians heritage plays a defining role in the cultural landscape. Australia has six states—New South Wales, Queensland, South Australia, Tasmania, Victoria, and Western Australia—and two major mainland territories—the Northern Territory and the Australian Capital Territory. Australia's population is about 22 million people. The capital is Canberra and the largest city is Sydney. The most populous states are New South Wales and Victoria. Although Australia does not have official language, English has become the national language. Most of the Australians are Christians, including 26% as Roman Catholic and 19% as Anglican. Australia follows a Westminster system of government and law inherited from the British who originally colonized the country. There are two main political parties and a number of minor parties, which make up the Commonwealth parliament. Each state and territory also has its own government. Australian aboriginals have the longest cultural history

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