Corrections Trend Evaluation CJA/394 March 2012 Corrections Trend Evaluation The role of correctional systems or prison related facilities, programs, or services are to make society a safer place. Prisons are based on the idea that some people are so terribly evil that they do not need to be in with society and that they need to be cut off from the rest of society and closely monitored. What happens once a person is sent into a prison system then must be released back into society? Today we will take a look at what happens when people have been placed through the prison system and community corrections and the outcomes they make on these individuals. Throughout most of the twentieth century, the dominant philosophies have been incapacitation, deterrence, and retribution.
The Swedish population feels that there are those who are dangerous to society and want them locked up securely; however, they also note there is a need "to stick with our philosophy of humanization" (Alvarez, 2005). The escapees, by the way, were soon recaptured but not before the resignation of the Prison Service director; there were also calls for the Justice Minister, Thomas Rodstroem, to resign but he remained in his position (Alvarez, 2005). He did however begin a "comprehensive review of Sweden's prison system," including plans to build a "bunker-style prison for the most violent offenders," though the idea has since been dropped (Alvarez, 2005). The escapes in 2004 were the first made "from Sweden's maximum-security prisons in a decade," and Alvarez suggests that they are due to a "change in the prison population" (Alvarez, 2005). Sweden's prisons, like those in the U.S., are filled to capacity and holding inmates who are "savvier, bolder, more organized and more violent than in the past" (Alvarez, 2005).
As well as this, Black inmates have also been associated with interpersonal violence more than white inmates have. Certain traits depend on how a person may adapt to an institute. The second explanation of institutional aggression is the deprivation model which claims that inmates’ aggression is due to the oppressive institute itself and their experiences which cause violence to other inmates and staff. Sykes (1958) believe that inmates act aggressively because of the pains they feel during their imprisonment e.g. Loss of freedom, relationships, isolation, discomfort, boredom, loneliness and believe that inmates act violently in response to this pain that they’re associated with.
Correctional facilities at their peak Prisons are establishments in which people who have committed a sort of crime are physically confined and, in the majority of the cases, deprived of personal freedom. Originally, as quoted from a TIME's article in 1982, prisons were described as monkish salvation establishments, later reformed periodically to reformatories, then correctional centers and rehabilitation facilities, where monkish behavior was required from the prisoners. This of course meant for the prisoners, regardless of their opinion, to be forcefully adapted to a peace and quiet environment which with a given amount of time, they would learn to express. Yet, crimes have become harsh as time goes by and some considered as immensely immoral and out of
Jails were managed by the local sheriff department they housed individuals convicted of misdemeanors, and crimes from small infractions to severe crimes like murder. Jail and Prison Comparison King Henry II who demanded that these buildings needed to be built introduced the first jails in England in 1166 they were first called “gaol”. Originally these jails were going to be used for detaining offenders awaiting trial. Between the fourteenth and eighteenth centuries vagrancy started to become a huge problem. Jails were now used to displace people like the poor or the mentally ill.
The men believed that violence would get them nowhere in their protesting and it would not be effective. Civil disobedience was a main view for both of them men. They both wrote from jail for their civil disobedience. Thoreau wrote about his night in jail for not having paid a tax that was being used for unjust causes. He says in “Civil Disobedience” that he felt free staying that night in jail and everyone else was not.
The Reality of Prisons In America Growing up, I always learned that prison was where the “bad guys” go. As I grew older, I started to learn more about prison, what it is used for, and conformed to the idea that prison makes society a safer place. Contrary to my beliefs, evidence has seemingly proven me wrong. Our prison system here in America is failing to do everything but reach it’s goal- to keep citizens safe, reduce criminal activity, and teach convicts a lesson while giving them the chance to change their behavior. This idea that Americans have in their brains- that prison “works” seems to mean that it reduces crime.
Purpose and History of Penitentiaries Your Name CJA/234 Date Instructor Penitentiaries, as well as the entire criminal justice system, has gone through many changes over hundreds of years. The focus of corrections has gone from revenge to reform. Even today, penitentiaries are changing based on the results of imprisonment, with attempts to deter criminal behavior. Today's penitentiaries are much more humane than prisons from hundreds of years ago, but there is still controversy regarding the human rights of inmates and prison labor. Prisons in the 1600's and 1700's were very unsanitary and inhumane.
When the death penalty was no more the jail suffered overcrowding which led to riots, escapes, and prison guards were attacked. The Pennsylvania Prison Society and the Philadelphia Society for Alluarting Misers of Public Prisons stepped in to solve the overcrowding issue by building Pittsburgh Western Penitentiary and Cherry Hill Prison. Today there are 1,200 prisons in the United States and overcrowding is still an issue. Lawmakers believe in three main goals of the correctional system: 1. Punish those who are found guilty of the
Prison is used to custody people who violate against the law inorder to deprivale their liberty as a kind of punishment. Separate the law violated citizens from the society to maintain social order, deter others potential offenders from criminal behaviour, and also ensecure the public safety. Nevertheless most of the prisoners will reintegerate to society, we should give them an opportunity to reform, however how to prevent them from recidivate is a pressing issue among the world. In US, it contain the world highest incarceration rate, 7,308,200 up to 2008 were sent to prisons and jails. The report of recidivism rate are vay, in the 2009 Florida prison recidivism study which study the prisoners who were released from 2001 to 2008 showed the