I chose to base this case study around the premise of the Attachment Theory. On first view of Adam’s case it is quite apparent that many of his issues from his quite disruptive life so far stem from attachment difficulties from his primary caregiver. Adam has spent the majority of his life in care due to an incident of domestic violence; Adam was also born to very young birth parents. Many researchers have supported and developed Bowlby’s (1969) original hypothesis of the importance of a positive attachment is in early life (Daniel, Gilligan and Waissel, 1999).
Attachment Theory is an explanation of personality development in the context of close relationships and can explain people’s patterns of relationships through life. John Bowlby (Howe, 1998) is the major influencing name who explained the importance of attachment and humans as social beings. Bowlby (1969) work was largely developed by Mary Ainsworth and her colleagues (1978, cited from Smith, Cowie and Blades, 2003 ) whose work was named ‘The Strange Situation’. The strange situation consisted of a practical demonstration where the behaviour of a child was observed in the presence and absence of their primary caregiver (usually the mother) and also in the presence and absence of a stranger. Depending on the behaviour illustrated by the child, a ‘type’ of attachment was given from the following; Secure, Avoidant, Ambivalent or disorganised. Examples of secure attachment behaviours are when the child actively seeks and maintains proximity with the mother, avoidant characteristics are avoiding proximity to the mother on the reunion or sometimes ignoring the mother altogether. Ambivalent attachments are identified by conspicuous contact from the child to the mother and resistance in some interactions however disorganised attachments can’t be identified by any particular behaviour but