Attachment Theory Essay

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BECOMING ATTACHED In chapter 17 from the book “Becoming Attached” by Robert Karen, the author based his book on the research work of John Bowlby who is known as the father of attachment theory. Bowlby believed that attachment begins at infancy and continues throughout life. He developed the theory after running a study in which he attempted to understand the intense distress experienced by infants who had been separated from their parents. Karen also questions some of the most fundamental issues of emotional life: how do our early struggles with our primary caregiver shape our personality? And the impact it has in the way we relate to others as adults. To begin to understand the attachment theory one must first understand and have a clear definition of what attachment is. Attachment is a lasting, secure and positive bond between a child and a caregiver. The attachment theory talks about the early significance and developments of attachment between infants and their mothers. Bowlby’s primary thesis is that the success of all relationships or attachments in life is dependent of the success of the first one, namely, of the bond between the infant or small child and his mother or primary caregiver. Attachment behaviors begin early in life. This narrow age limit is often called the critical period. It has become more and more apparent that a healthy attachment is most important in human development. If a child has a secure attachment, he will grow up to view the world as a safe place and will be able to develop other emotions. A baby who has formed an attachment responds well with the adult he or she has bonded with, furthermore, since an emotional bond has been formed the adult most likely will continue providing the care, nourishment, nurturing and stimulation the child needs to ensure a healthy well-rounded development. This trusting relationship developed in
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