Attachment in Infants Of Adolescent Mothers
The aim of the current study expressed in this very clinical article was to examine predictors of the mother—infant attachment relationship in adolescent mothers. An analysis by van IJzendoorn found that compared to infatnts of older mothers, infants of adolescent mothers show insecure attachment. This may be because adolescent mothers are more likely to entail personal and parenting problems. Among these potential problems are a much lower marital stability, higher rates of stress on the parent, higher rates of depression, and they posses limited knowledge of what the child development process is like. All of these have a negative effect on an infants development.
Seven factors that of the infant-adolescent mother relationship were individually investigated. Maternal adult attachment style, childhood maltreatment history, depression, parenting stress and sensitivity; infant temperament difficulty; and social support. There were 138 infants tested, all of which have been exposed to all the the factors just stated. These 138 infants were classified into four types of attachment groups, the avoidant (a child shows no preference between a parent and a stranger), the secure (best and healthiest method of attachment), the disorganized (confused and inconsistent attachment behavior), and the resistant (anxious about exploring its surroundings, even when the mother is present). Results indicated that only parental stress and a lack of social support are the only factors that exhibited a significant difference between the attachment groups. When mothers possessed these two factors 22 percent of the infants were classified as avoidant, 41 percent were classified as insecure or resistant, 33 percent were disorganized, and only 4 percent were classified as secure.
Decently high numbers of insecure, avoidant and disorganized infants were anticipated. The other examined factors, mothers' sensitivity, adult...