Atomic Bomb Dbq

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The College Board Advanced Placement Examination AMERICAN HISTORY SECTION I1 (Suggested writing time--40 minutes) Directiow: The following question requires you to construct a coherent essay that integrates your interpretation of Documents A-H and your knowledge of the period referred to in the question. In your essay, you should strive to support your assertions both by citing key pieces of evidence from the documents and by drawing on your knowledge of the period. 1. The United States decision to drop an atomic bomb on Hiroshima was a diplomatic measurg calculated to intimidate the Soviet Union in the post-Second-World-War era rather than a strictly military measure designed to force Japan's unconditional surrender. Evaluate this statement…show more content…
. . . The atomic bomb is a reality. . . . Here then was a speedy end to the Second World War, and perhaps to much else besides. . . Up to this moment we had shaped our ideas towards an assault upon the homeland of Japan by terrific air bombing and by the invasion of very large armies. . . . Now all this nightmare picture had vanished. In its place was the vision-fair seemed-of the end of the whole war in one or two violent shocks. . . . and bright indeed it Moreover, we should not need the Russians. The end of the Japanese war no longer depended upon the pouring in of their armies for the final and perhaps protracted slaughter. We had no need to ask favours of them. A few days later I mentioned to Mr. Eden: "It is quite clear that the United States do not at the present time desire Russian participation in the war against Japan." The array of European problems could therefore be faced on their merits and according to the broad principles of the United Nations. We seemed suddenly to have become possessed of a merciful abridgment of the slaughter in the East and of a far happier prospect in Europe. I have no doubt that these thoughts were present in the minds of my American
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