Atlanta Immigration

1179 Words5 Pages
21st century Atlanta has been experiencing demographic phenomenon that have never occurred before within its borders. More so than ever, new diverse waves of immigrants are calling Atlanta home, significantly changing, not only the urban but also suburban fabric of the metropolitan area. Furthermore, new legislation has caused unseen civil rights movements. In 2006, Atlanta experienced one of the largest marches and rallies for social justice since the civil rights era. This new and changing state legislation and civil rights movements are signs of the dramatic demographic changes that have been occurring in metropolitan Atlanta during the past twenty-five years. The chapter begins by focusing on the new dramatic increase in Latin American…show more content…
Historically, the influx of immigrants was limited due to the large amount of low-income, black and white, residents willing to provide low-wage and unskilled labor. However, the economic expansion in the 1990’s created a more diverse array of jobs in both the skilled and unskilled sectors, in turn creating more opportunity for immigrants. The native population filled the skilled, white-collar jobs while Latino immigrants filled the low-skill labor jobs once occupied by the whites and blacks. More than 60 percent of Latino immigrants worked in construction and other service jobs, ranging from hotels to landscaping. From 1980 to 1990, the total population rose from 2.3 million to 3 million. The most significant part of this growth was the increase percentage of foreign-born populations from 2% to 4%, with the total population growing from 47,815 to 117,253. As mentioned before the increase in immigration has caused changes in the immigrant settlement pattern. Nearly 96 percent of foreign-born immigrants live in the suburbs, with Latino immigrants directly settling in suburban areas rather than ethnic enclaves in the city. The majority of Latino immigrants have settled in the inner-ring suburbs north of the city in Dekalb, Cobb, Gwinnett and Fulton counties, which were predominantly white communities prior to the influx of…show more content…
The most important factor is the numerous affordable housing units available in these regions; immigrants rely on these affordable housing units to get by due to the fact that they are financially limited. Secondly, the growth of both skilled and low-skilled jobs has created an increased demand for a wider range of immigrants. Lastly, the establishment of social, cultural and commercial networks has brought more immigrants and their family and friend into the area. These networks create pipelines that continually bring immigrants into the area. The overall factor is that these four areas offer immigrants the most opportunity and hope to become successful and improve
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