The consequential rise of the Athenian Empire, however, was simultaneous with the development of its increasingly autocratic and aggressive attitude. The aftermath of this conflict therefore involved the Athenian worldview coming to resemble that which it had initially sought to repress. The Persian Wars are demonstrative of how external threats can promote unity and cohesion from within. The ease and aggression with which the Persians conquered the region of the Asia Minor during the sixth century BCE established them as the pre-eminent power in the ancient world, and therefore a threat to Greek autonomy. After King Cyrus of Persia overthrew the Median rulers in 550 BCE, the Persians successfully extended their realm in conquering Lydia (546 BCE), eventually pushing their boarders further eastward by crossing to the boarders of Macedonia in 513 BCE (Encyclopaedia Britannica, 2012).
The main events of the revolt fixed by Herodotus provide us with important information about Persian rule and the real reasons of Ionian revolt. At first sight, Ionian revolt was caused by the reasons, which can’t be called occasional. Ionian cities were first of all trade centers. The capture of Hellespont and Bosporus by Persians was fatal for the trade and the competition from the side of Phoenician merchants was becoming more and more threatening. Besides the economic damage, Ionian cities suffered from political pressure: in all the cities, ruled by Persians there were tyrants appointed.
Solon’s reforms for the Athenian government prepared the way for the introduction of democracy in Athens. In 594 B.C. Solon authorized that all male citizens are required to participate more in the Athenian public life, and gave them a greater voice in governing Attica. He enabled reforms that ended aristocratic control of the government, cancelled debts, ended slavery for debt, and raised funds to buy back enslaved Athenians. During this time was the rise of literacy, so Solon recorded these laws onto wooden panels for it to be public to the Athenian citizens.
The era dominated by Andrew Jackson and his followers ushered in a period of development in democracy. Jacksonian economic policy, changes in election politics, and the Second Great Awakening were some prominent causes of changes that occurred in the developing democracy of the United States from 1820 to 1840. These changes entailed the economic chaos and shift of economical advantages away from the elite class through Jacksonian economic policy, the start of catering to the “common man” when campaigning for president, and the move towards individualism and rationalism in the Second Great Awakening. Andrew Jackson had an enormous influence on the economy of the United States. In Jackson’s time, there was a growth in the market economy because more people understood how banks, tariffs, and internal improvements affected their lives.
The factors that need considering when associating with the question include; the Disillusionment from the people towards Louis, the actions of the Political clubs, Champs de Mars massacre and the significance of War. In order to see why the republican movement emerged in France, the factors must show what aims of each of these factors led to and what impact they made. After viewing each one of these we evaluate what the most significant factor was in causing the republican movement. To a very significant extent it can be viewed that the Disillusionment from the people towards Louis can be seen as a key factor for the emergence of the republican movement. This is because Louis’ personal actions that he took betrayed people and led them to disillusionment against him as they wanted to press for a trial for the king.
This paper will also address the controversial question of whether or not Socrates should be considered a sophist. It is important to understand what sophism is and how it influenced many young political minds in the 400’s. We start, briefly, with Cleisthenes, who was a ruler of the people. He wanted to, “…give political power to the masses.” (Constitution of Athens, Aristotle. pp.10) He succeeded in overthrowing the Tyrants around 500BCE, and redistributed the land and people from four major tribes to ten.
In reality Athenian democracy is a complete mockery of itself by not abiding by the ‘guidelines of democracy.’(i.e. for the people by the people). Although Athenian Democracy has its flaws it also has positives, during the time of democratic Athens, Athens was at its height of wealth, it was the most knowledgeable state in ancient Greece, Athens was the centre point of the time. Athenian democracy worked in many ways, with the extent of the voting systems Athens was able to vote quite accurately and thoroughly. At the time of democratic Athens a very influential figure took the chance of becoming a king in a democratic society, Pericles in some ways he achieved what he set out to do, Pericles had a great influence on the Athenian democracy, a great example of his influence is his funeral oration or his famed building programme.
Solon was essential in the development of the Athenian government and society in the 5th century. Although, he is greatly credited for being the founder of democracy – setting the wheels in motion for future Athenian leaders, he is also famously known for his long-term successful reforms. Solon was born in a time of aristocracy, when he reached maturity he was called on as archon and was asked to change the laws to benefit the state. With this in mind, Solon made his reforms, making changes such as the freeing of indebted people (also known as the ‘Shaking off of Burdens’), the rejuvenation of the social classes and the introduction of a council of representatives. While his reforms were beneficial for society, people as a whole did not accept his changes, thus causing him to leave the state.
Ionian Revolt Assess the significance of the Ionian Revolt. The Ionian Revolt may be considered one of the monumental moments which eventually acted as a catalyst for the Persian War. Thus, the significance of the Ionian Revolt may also be described as crucial. Some would argue that although the Ionian Revolt had some weight in sparking the Persian War, it was ultimately inevitable because of the expansion of the Persian Empire. The significance of the Ionian Revolt also dictated and contributed to the course of other battles that followed the revolt due to the new discoveries the states made of their opposing armies.
The government was once ruled over by kings, but then changed into a democracy. Wisdom was thought to be the most important aspect in forming a successful city-state. They believed knowledge was everything. Both Athens and Sparta are Greek city-states. This means that the religion, language, and culture are alike in both.