After that, they went to a higher school for 4 years and after they turned 18, they had to go to a military school for 2 more years. When they were 20 years old, they graduated. The girls couldn't go to school but they still were taught to read and write at home. Athens favored people. Unlike Sparta, either a king or an oligarchy did not rule Athens.
Male Spartan citizens were allowed only one occupation: solider. Indoctrination into this lifestyle began early. Spartan boys started their military training at age 7, when they left home and entered the Agoge. The boys lived communally under austere conditions. They were subjected to continual physical, competitions (which could involve violence), given meager rations and expected to become skilled at stealing food, among other survival skills.
An oligarchy is a form of government in which the ruling power is in the hands of a few leaders. Oligarchy comes from the root words oligos (few) and arkhein (rule). In Sparta the ruling power was in the hands of a few wealthy people. In Sparta, boys started training to become a soldier at the age of seven while in Athens boys were not forced to join the army. Athens focused on education and the arts, but Sparta concentrated on military strength.
From the age of 7 onwards, boys were taken from their families to live in the military barracks with an agelai (herd) of boys their own age. They were supervised by a paidonomos and subjected to harsh training and punishment. Emphasis was placed on physical fitness but they were also taught the basics of reading and writing. Plato states that Spartans were educated “not by persuasion but by violence”. Boys were taught the hardships of pain, thirst, hunger, cold and fatigue.
1907 School Medical Inspections: Doctors and nurses were sent to school to inspect children and identify a health problem if one. However, up until 1912 there was still a cost for the medicine. 1907 Education Act: Poor children were given a chance to go to private school through exam. However, there was still a class-split. The higher classes didn’t need an exam to enter, yet the poorer ones did.
The Spartans took up a strong need in a military force, and war became a typical lifestyle for them. Men began to train as young as seven years old as they were required to join the army. Only strong belligerent men could serve in their army. Military force became the Spartans lifestyle, as creative inventions and art were unimportant. Named after Goddess of Athena, Athens were quite dynamic people who studied philosophy, science, and art.
When a Spartan man was 20 years old they would be submitted to tests and trials to determine whether they would be allowed into the military. Spartan men, who passed these tests, would then live in the barracks and also were allowed to take a wife, but not live with her. Spartan girls also would enter school at age 7 which was not a military school but was just as harsh and demanding as the boys. The girls would be trained in various things, like the boys, such as; gymnastics, wrestling, various calisthenics. The girls would participate in various competitions alongside their male counterparts.
These days, most parents are a little more reserved when it comes to their children going to war, but the same support and values are still present; the desire for their children to fight with the utmost honor, and if necessary, die valiantly. In ancient Sparta, young boys were taken away from their mothers at age 7, in order to undertake their society’s own test of manhood, called the agoge. Things may seem different in contemporary American culture but they are still inherently similar. For example, young men and women who join the US Military have to undergo their own “agoge” in the form of boot camp/basic training, the most rigorous of these being United States Marine Corps Boot Camp. It’s no coincidence that out of all of the branches of the US military, the Marine Corps’ values are most like the moral values of many ancient cultures, most notably the Spartans.
The cost range to attend a private school usually ranges anywhere from $7,000-$27,000 annually depending on the your state and location. Although many private schools have scholarships to help parents pay for part of the tuition, scholarships are very limited. Private schools are very competitive to get into. Since private schools are not run by the government, these schools are given the freedom to be very selective of the students they admit. Many prestigious private schools admit children based on their GPA, intellectual, and artistic abilities.
Because the budget is being split up into many different categories, a very small amount of the budget is given to public schools. Which in turn, must be split up to hundreds on hundreds of public schools across the nation. With such little funding going to each public school, they are very conservative on what they spend their money on. Thus, public school students do not always have the best materials to learn from. Students that attend single sex schools are funded by their parents.