Unlike other Greek states, who were much less rotated around the military and had women responsible for making clothes, the Spartans left that duty for the slave women, so that the higher class women could concentrate on physical training just as much as the men did. The Spartans believed that if both parents were strong, so too would the child be. When it comes to the custom of sex between husband and wife, Xenophon correctly points out that in other Greek cities, it was considered normal for man and woman to ‘have unlimited intercourse’ following marriage, however in Sparta a man should be ashamed to be seen entering or leaving his wife’s room. Again, this creation of desire between man and wife was seen to mean that their offspring would be more vigorous. Life in Sparta was also very much
When the young boys grew to be about age six or seven they were sent to a military school where they were taught the different strategies of war. The girls were taught how to please their men with cooking and cleaning of the household. When the boys grew to men they were sent on a conquest with the army and if they fell in battle it was a great honor but if they returned you returned a man. The Government of both societies was a crucial part of their city-states. The Spartan government was a militaristic style government with two kings.
Athens was more worried about the comfort and culture during the time of the military battles. The oligarchy in Sparta put a war like attitude as it's first priority and it met the needs of Ancient Greece. Athens did not have the best form of government because it did not give the citizens of Greece more freedom. The Athenian democracy can not be called a true democracy because there was several flaws in the governement and how it worked. Only the
Spartans were they only Greek society that prescribed a public education for girls. Their education started at age six or seven when they went to live in their sisterhood barracks where they would learn gymnastics, wrestling and combat skills. It is not known whether their training was as rugged and ruthless as the boys but it still would have quite strenuous as it was vital that the girls were to become healthy. At the age of eighteen Spartan women received a skills and fitness test which would access if they were fit to marry. (Crystalinks) According to Xenophon their education was based around the theory of Eugenics which is the idea of bringing about improvement in the type of offspring produced.
Spartan Upbringing The Spartan culture is a lot more interesting to me than other cultures. Their culture revolves around the art of military. The Spartans were one of the most strict and disciplinary governments during their era. Sparta mainly focuses on their military strength virtually at birth. After birth, the mother of the child bathes it in wine to see if the child was strong.
Both Han China and classical Athens shared many ideas bout governments, women, and children. The ideas weren’t exactly the same there were differences, like they didn’t have the same form of government and women had different right in both Han China and classical Athens. Even though there are differences between Han china and classical Athens involving women children and government, the similarities out way the differences. During both classical Athens and Han China women were thought of nothing much than a house wife. During classical Athens women could not leave there homes unless there was a religious festival, birth of a child, or funeral but have to have their heads covered.
The ancient Greeks believed that keeping their citizens strong and healthy would help strengthen the city-states. The only men allowed to participate would be Greek speaking. Women were not allowed to compete and married women were not even allowed to attend the games. Ancient Olympics started as a time to honor Zeus. Zeus was the father of all the Greek gods and goddesses.
Mencius answer was that Heaven does not speak but reveals itself by acts and deeds; Heaven sees with the eyes of its people and hears with the ears of its people.(Doc. 6) Heaven selects the emperor; the sole ruler of the empire but he needed people to help aid him rule. Therefore, he appointed governors to each district of the empire and then, in turn, they placed officials at smaller areas. During the Han Dynasty, the government decided to build and expand the bureaucracy. The bureaucrats would have to go through an early form of a civil service exam in order to earn a lawmaking position at stages of government, such as local, regional, and federal.
The long kept system unravelled after defeat at the battle of Leuctra in 371 BC. The Composition of the Army The Kings and Leadership Sparta was ruled by two kings, and originally both of them led the army to war. Problems arose and the policy was changed so that only one king went campaigning at a time, the other remaining in Sparta. The general-king held supreme command of the army and had the right to declare war and make all decisions in battle. However, he had to be wise with his power, as authoritative officials called ephors followed him to act as advisors and watch that he behaved responsibly and fairly.
The Greek Olympics The Greeks held many events and festivals in honor if their gods. One of the most significant and famous festivals were the athletic, or the sports festivals. There were three types of festivals in Greece; the Isthmos games which were staged every two years at the Isthmos of Corinth, the Pythian Games took place every four years near Delphi and the most famous games which were held at Olympia. The Olympic Games began over 2700 years ago in Olympia, a valley near a city called Elis, which is in the southwest of Greece. The games were part of a religious festival.