It also is trying to help the criminal offenders to try and possibly show them that they will have a tougher time if they do reoffend. They were hoping that the individuals would not reoffend due to the longer mandatory sentences. Also the law makers were trying to lower the crime rates by keeping the repeat offenders off the streets. By doing this they were protecting the other citizens. The extent to which the criminological perspective has been successful in achieving its goals in California is the crime rates have lowered somewhat over the years that the law has been in effect.
One philosophy entails that the cost of doing a crime is too great, and it will deter anyone from committing a crime. Clearly, the cost of hard on crime tactics has had a taxing effect upon the correctional system as it has been severely overhauled the way prisons operate more efficiently with the less staff and more programs. The latest “is the cornerstone of California’s solution for reducing the number of inmates in the state’s 33 prisons to 137.5 percent of design capacity by June 27, 2013, as ordered by the Three-Judge Court and affirmed by the U.S. Supreme Court. All provisions of AB 109 and AB 117 are perspective, and implementation of the 2011 Realignment Legislation began October 1, 2011” (Realignment Report) Cooperation between the various elements of the criminal justice system to implement changes in policy is not only paramount, but also mandatory. If a case decision is made by the courts, law enforcement has no choice but to follow that policy.
I could argue that even more crime could result in effect to fewer prisonable offences and more humane forms of corporal punishment. Think about this: You get in trouble for selling drugs . . . the Judge then sets forth an ultimatum; Stand in the town center and endure a public whipping, or report to jail for the next year.
Realignment Legislation University of Phoenix M.A. Gomez Criminal Justice 234/Introduction to Corrections SC11BCJ06 December 21st, 2011 Hal Reed, MPA Realignment Legislation Assembly Bill 109 Since the inception of Assembly Bill 109 (AB 109) the transfer of inmates both in prison and jails have had a great impact. Parolees whom violation their parole terms do not return to prisons. People who have committed minor crimes that would have warranted a prison term will serve their time in County Jails. This change will leave a lasting effect on the prison systems throughout California; furthermore, the lasting effect will also extend to the local jails participating in the legislation.
Zachary Fike Dr. Josye Brookter English 101 25 March 2013 Prison Overcrowding: A Human Rights Violation and Ways to Stop It The Eighth Amendment to the United States Constitution reads, “Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed, nor cruel and unusual punishments inflicted.” These violations go on every day in the walls of our nation’s correctional institutions. In the Supreme Court case Brown v. Plata the court held that California's prison system violated inmates' Eighth Amendment rights. The Court upheld a three-judge panel's order to decrease the population of California's prisons by 40,000 inmates. They determined that overcrowding was the primary cause of the inmates' inadequate medical and mental health care (Riess, 2011). People should not be treated like animals for past transgressions.
Schmalleger defines it as “A model of criminal sentencing that holds that criminal offenders deserve the punishment they receive at the hands of the law” (2014, p. 341) An aspect of retribution can involve shaming. This may be one of the oldest
Also this only encourages other criminals to believe that they have a chance of getting away with crimes, therefore increasing the crime rate. People need to see other people punished to realize that something is wrong. The Double Jeopardy Rule is setting a bad example to the public. America is not the only country whose court system uses this Double Jeopardy Rule, England also previously had it until Julie Hogg went missing and months later her mother found her body behind the panels of the bathroom in her home. The prime suspect, Billy Dunlop,
It will also discuss how focusing on rehabilitation instead of punishment will affect different aspects of society and the criminal justice system. The juvenile justice system has had its ups and downs. In some years it was thought that having harsher punishment for the juveniles was the ideal answer. During the Clinton administration, crime rates rose for juveniles and congressional leaders demanded tougher treatment for juvenile felons, including more incarceration in both adult and youth correctional facilities (Krisberg, 2008). Although President Clinton passed bills to push for harsher punishment for juveniles before it could go into effect, the juvenile crime rates dropped.
Retrieved from http://www.csmonitor.com/USA/Justice/2011/0630/US-prisoners-sentenced-under-strict-crack-cocaine-laws-get-relief California changes prison population. (2006). Just the facts. Retrieved from http://www.ppic.org/content/pubs/jtf/JTF_PrisonsJTF.pdf Reducing Racial Disparity in the criminal Justice system. (2000).
February 18, 1972 California Supreme Court declares the death penalty cruel and unusual punishment in violation of the state constitution. 107 inmates are taken off death row and resentenced. A similar decision is rendered in 1976 and 68 inmates are resentenced. August 11, 1977 Legislature re-enacts the death penalty. Under the new statute, evidence in mitigation is permitted.