Therefore reflection can be a key skill to learn and a way of developing working practice which is anti-oppressive as well as empowering for service users. As part of the GSCC (2004) requirements it states that social workers need to use… ..’reflection and critical analysis to continuously develop an improve their specialist practice, including their practice in inter-agency contexts, drawing systematically, accurately and appropriately on theories, models and up to date research.’ (GSCC, 2004, pg16) According to Payne (2005), the work of Schon (1983, 1987), in exploring how professionals utilized their knowledge in working with people, first gave rise to the importance of reflective thinking for professional practice. Dewey (1991) and Jasper (2003) suggest that reflection is a deliberate and cognitive process which incorporates a gradual self awareness, transformation and critical appraisal of the social world. Taylor (2000) defines reflection as... ‘…the throwing back of thoughts and memories... (Taylor, 2000, pg3) ..Thinking about them in order to make sense of them and as necessary make appropriate changes. Johns
These include things such as the family, education, the justice system, the mass media etc. which are all essential parts of an individual’s everyday life. Within these complex structures is the basis upon which society exists. A social institution “is an established and organized system of social behaviour with a recognized purpose” (Andersen and Taylor 2011).To thoroughly evaluate the nature of social institutions it is common to analyze two of the main perspectives; the functionalist and the conflict. The functionalists gave five functional requisites which these social institutions provide: Replacing members, socializing new members, producing and distributing goods and services, preserving order, and providing a sense of purpose (Henslin 2012a).
Hence, microsociology’s objects of interest are individuals, who shape ‘our everyday realities’ as these realities are ‘socially constructed’. (Macionis and Plummer, 2012: 208). Microsociology demonstrates the accomplishment that is social order, ‘which provide the social context or conditions under which people act’ (Layder, 1994: 4). It is formed from people’s everyday interactions and exists in norms, customs, traditions and regulations. Social order plays a significant part in regulating and organizing peoples’ way of living within society.
Micro social work is face to face with a client or a family. Micro social work often focuses on a client’s needs such as housing, food and health care. Micro, mezzo and macro social systems tend to overlap one another at times so it is very important to understand each social system. Personal, Interpersonal and Political Empowerment Personal empowerment is when you become more aware of yourself and what makes you different from the rest. There are many steps used to attain personal empowerment such as identifying a power oriented goal.
One’s life experiences can lead to a person's "construction of reality" by living the realities of everyday life. Daily interactions and experiences can ultimately be the deciding factors in our ability to construct and maintain the definitions on how we perceive ourselves and others. These typifications are generally formed by society and supported by our daily communications with others. Societal role and status play a major part in how one’s life experiences can lead to a person's "construction of reality". Roles are the patterns of someone’s behavior that we identify within each other as a depiction of a person’s social status.
The care plan involves identifying the needs, strengths and risks that is relevant to where the client is in their recovery. A care plan is also a tool that can be used to record any changes in the clients situation and used as a form of communication to update other professionals that are involved in the clients
One form of this communication is a verbal handover at the beginning and end of each shift, there is also the filling in of relevant communication books and care plans for each of the individuals you care for, this keeps others in the knowledge of the current situation in the work place with service users. The individuals you care for will communicate with you, their carers, to express their needs and preferences. 1.2 – Explain how effective communication affects all aspects of own work… Communication is an essential part of my job, it is the foundation of everything I do in work and effects every aspect of my job, it also effects those I work with, whether it be colleagues, management, parents of service users or professionals. I need to communicate with people all the time in order to care for my service users affectively. Most importantly are the service users, then
Assessment is an ongoing (dynamic) process. It provides comprehensive understanding of client/caregiver psychosocial functioning, environment, resources, goals, and expectations for community integration in order to optimize client care. Prime tool for assessment is relationship. Psychosocial intervention Psychosocial intervention is dealing with all the social phenomena which have direct impact on the individual and vice versa. FAMILY ASSESSMENT Genogram A genogram is a graphic representation of a family tree that displays the interaction of generations within a family.
1.2 Explain how to support effective communication within own job role. The interactions I will have with the people I support are highly dependent on my choice of communication method. People have a variety of support needs and communicate using a number of techniques and their individuality and diverse backgrounds will also impact on how they choose to communicate. I try to be aware of how I interact with the people I am supporting to ensure that they have the necessary tools to interact with me. My service users need to be able to provide feedback and reviews of the support and services that they purchase – we do this through bi-monthly face to face meetings, ad hoc telephone calls and quarterly paper based surveys as well as our normal complaints and compliments service.
The unit examines the importance of understanding an individual’s preferred method of communication, when working with users of social care services and the need to observe reactions in order to support the communication cycle. The unit also investigates barriers to communication and ways in which these can be minimised or removed. Issues of confidentiality are considered with regard to maintenance and also the notion of agreed times when information must be shared. The unit will prepare you for working with users of services with a variety of communication and language needs. Learning Outcomes and Assessment Criteria In order to pass this unit, the evidence that you need to present for assessment needs to demonstrate that you can meet all the learning outcomes for the unit.