In indirect instruction, the role of the teacher shifts from lecturer/director to that of facilitator, supporter, and resource person. The teacher arranges the learning environment, provides opportunity for student involvement, and, when appropriate, provides feedback to students while they conduct the inquiry (Martin, 1983). Indirect means that the learner acquires a behaviour indirectly by transforming, or constructing, the stimulus material into meaningful response or behaviour that differs from both (1) the content being used to present the learning and (2) any previous response given by the student -best to use when teaching concepts, abstractions, or patterns -best to use when the learning process is inquiry-based, the result is discovery, and the learning context is a problem. -Student-centred (student is an interactive participant)-teacher is facilitator. -uses all parts of Bloom’s taxonomy including Analysis, Synthesis, and Evaluation -indirect instruction involves: organizing content, inductive and deductive reasoning, examples and non-examples, student experiences, questions, student’s self-evaluation, and group discussion.
One implication is there is a gradual increase of responsibility for the teacher. Through courageous conversations teachers are having with collegial coaches and their peers, teachers are taking charge of their classrooms, and not waiting for the administrator or mentor to give advice. Teachers are answering open-ended question from coaches and peers and making self-reflections that are having positive impacts in their classrooms. The second implication is the courageous conversations that the teachers are having in their buildings. Teachers are coming out of their classrooms and meeting with other teachers and sharing strategies, and asking questions that have other teachers thinking about how to have more successful classroom experiences.
* Ensure that, in practical classes, all work must be seen as ongoing by your tutor. * Ensure that you follow the assessment instructions very closely and ask your lecturer if you are unsure about any aspect of the assessment process. How does LearningWiseScotland authenticate your work? LearningWiseScotland has a number of methods
The teacher was told that the object of the experiment was to study the effects of punishment on learning. They are also told that their role in the experiment was to read word lists to the learner and the learner must remember the second word from a list of word pairs they had read earlier. If the learner got the answer wrong, then the teacher was told to administer shocks, for each answer that the learner got wrong, and the shocks had to increase in intensity. The teacher is unaware of the fact that the learner is actually an actor, and receives no shock. The experiments, involving the Undergrad students from Yale, resulted in 60
It means that students can take responsibility for some of their own progression. Students can ask themselves what am I learning and how can I do it better. Giving students constructive feedback will allow them to recognise how they can progress and achieve the next step in their learning. Having confidence that all students can improve. Both the teacher and student are involved in the reviewing process and can reflect on the assessment information.
Methodology The sources used to prepare this report include, books, internet sources, journal articles, newspaper articles and awarding body resources and information. The writer also refers to his own and his peers’ teaching experience, planning, delivery and evaluations in conjunction with information from classroom taught sessions. Further to this report the writer will explore and present an explanation in which theories, principles and models of assessment are currently applied to his practice. Discussion How different theories, principles and models of assessment can be applied when assessing learning. 'Nothing we do to, or for our students is more important than our assessment of their work and the feedback we give them on it.
Non-verbal language may support or contradict verbal messages. • Once students start to share their understanding of what the tutor said, there is potential for clarification. However, noise may interfere with the communication process. • When the students ask the tutor for clarification they receive feedback on their initial interpretation of the message, which may reinforce the alignment between the tutor's message and the student's understanding of the message, provided that the tutor maintains message
The opposite learning styles, involving listening and verbal skills, are more difficult for me. I would much rather learn how something works by using it than by listening to someone tell me how it works. When any of my teachers stand in front of the classroom and just reads form the text book. This type of teaching is my kryptonite, the words just pass right through me. To help me my learning process in class's like that i need to recreate the lectured material using my own visual tools and adapt my teacher's preferred teaching methods to my preferred learning styles.
Because these associations are more personally created, their likelihood of success may be greater. For these reasons, it might be wise to eschew ‘mentor’ as an all encompassing term and seek others, which might reflect how teachers help one another to become sophisticated professionals’ (p. 425). There are some major points stated by the researcher in the article. While the mentors started with teaching generic strategies the mentoring interactions were actually more subject focused, which appeared to be a common strand in the report implying that the mentors were perceived as subject specialist, i.e. they were expected to have a sound knowledge and understanding of the subject content.
Social Cognitive * Affective learning processes Self regulated learning tends to be influenced by an individual’s emotions, behaviors, and their cognitive processing (Schunk & Zimmerman, 1997). This is a process that will orient the individual in achieving their goals by self generating (Schunk & Zimmerman, 1997). Schunk and Zimmerman (1997) stated that the self regulated learning process can also be considered as an academic self regulation process which has been studied over the years throughout different classrooms. The students taking the course learn how to use motivation, cognition, and behavior to improve their learning skills. These students who use motivational beliefs also utilize more self regulation learning skills (Schunk & Zimmerman, 1997).