Relying on qualitative data from a study of women in two male-dominated UK unions carried out between 1999 and 2002, the article maintains that family background, gendered experiences in both unions and the workplace, as well as feminist beliefs and values all combine to shape women’s union orientations in complex ways. In addressing how family background influences a women’s propensity to join and participate within unions, the author presents confusing evidence. Kirton summarizes that a family history of trade unionism influences active participation within the union. However, family history is under-represented as only 5 of 19 formally active interviewees come from union minded backgrounds. Kirton then states that family background may not have the greatest influence on participation.
Traditional gender roles and the workplace From the beginning of time, traditional gender roles have existed all around the world and they vary between cultures. But what is a traditional role? Traditional roles are behaviors, attitudes and values that society sets as appropriate or inappropriate for men and women and are transmitted from generation to generation (Wikipedia). Many of these roles are maintained over the years, but others are modified and adapted to current environment. In most of the countries around the world years ago women had to stay at home, take care of kids and do the home chores (women were not allowed to work); while men were supposed to be working and earning money for the family, but this thinking have changed through the years.
On the other hand, another group of sociologists believes that families are not symmetrical. This group are known as feminists. A non-symmetrical family is a family where the chores are not shared between couples and that women have to do more work compared to men. The feminists reject the “March of view progress.” Oakley, a sociologist, gives view as to what happens
Although before the Civil War, women rarely took a part in society, the war significantly changed women’s roles in many ways. Before the Civil War, women typically worked in and around their homes. The typical housewife would cook, clean and raise many children while the men worked. Many people typically did not promote women to branch out outside their homes, particularly stated by historian, Linda Miles Coppens that “Horace Man, president of Ohio’s new interracial and coeducational college publishes ‘A Few Thoughts on the Power and Duties of Women’ in New York. He warns women against vocations of preaching or politics, explaining that they can influence public opinion in their homes and communities.” They were strictly housewives and were destined to raise children.
but the fact that most of these men are in two-career couples will mute some of the depressing elements of their unemployment”. (Holahan 158). Most men want to work for the satisfaction of being the men of the house. Many feel weaker if their wive’s are earning their income. It’s untraditional for a woman to take care of the family, but these are stereotypes that are being crushed by the feet of women in the workforce in today’s society.
Some of the hardest times for the economy and for people happened to be World War II. The economy wasn’t at its greatest peak and income wasn’t so great. Although, compared to the economy now, back then it was close to perfect. All the men had to work long hours and extra days with minimum wage. Women stayed at home to take care of the children and do the housework, which consisted of cooking and cleaning.
• Sociologists argue that there has been change in social class for example traditional working class and new working class. • The traditional working class declined rapidly in the last quarter of the 20th century. It has practically disappeared in Britain today. • Traditional working class included: A close knit community and community life: as people knew each other, they’d look out and protect each other. Men were the main ones to provide for the family whereas the women would be housewives, looking after their men and their children.
Behaviors: Context Sensitivity – High context and low context communication within a family: After reading the assigned writing, I realized that two different people from the same country but with two different upbringing could have two different levels of context sensitivity. My husband and I are both from the US a culture that is supposedly low context, however, within our family my husband tend to be low context and our children and I tend to be high context in our relationship with each other. My husband grew up in a rough part of New Orleans his mom and dad divorce so mostly their mom raised him and his siblings. I on the other hand grow up in Baton Rouge, in a middle class neighborhood with both my parents. I noticed that my husband’s way of communicating was straight and to the point,
Parents spent most of their time for their jobs and conducting business, leaving less time for their children. Some reasons mentioned above could make it impossible to generalize about the typical American family. The culture has been changed largely, because Americans have so much freedom and they don't care for each other like in the old days; American family becomes less communication. We are living in the twenty-first century, where the typical American family may consist of divorced parents, three kids that live with mom during the week and stay with dad every other weekend. Often, at least one parent has remarried, and lived their own life.
Historically, a man's gender role was the breadwinner, earning money to support the family through outside work. A woman's gender role was to care for the family and household, providing support for the man. Introduction The changing gender roles of the 1970s resulted in part from the legal and social developments that overturned traditional gender concepts during the 1960s. Page 369 | Top of ArticleThrough the early 1960s, newspaper job ads routinely divided jobs into "male" and "female" employment; the women's jobs typically paid less than the men's jobs, even if the work itself was essentially the same. As the Civil Rights movement put discrimination on the nation's legal agenda, however, many women began to call for equal rights in employment regardless of gender.