Secularisation means a society becoming less religious. However it is hard to define secularisation as it is hard to define religion. Wilson defines it as “the process whereby religious thinking, practice and institutions lose social significance”. One argument for secularisation is a that there has been a decline in religious thinking and beliefs. Weber argued that with the advent of industrialisation , people are now looking at science for answers rather than religion and the supernatural.
Most recent research conducted shows that attendance is projected to drop from 6.3% to 4.7% by 2015. This feature has also been reflected in the English Church Census that attendance in the Church of England and Catholic Church has declined. Secularisation is now not only just a feature in Europe as it has now featured in the USA, public polls have suggested that 40% of Americans attend church however research carried out by the church did not match the figure in the polls. If 40% of Americans were going to church, the churches would be full – but they were not. Therefore this tells us that secularisation has developed in other societies across the world not just in Europe.
In bruce's words “when we have tried every cure for cancer, some of us pray”. With religious beliefs now sitting on the edge in society. Issues such as divorce,sex outside marriage and gay marriage are no longer considered so heavily taboo.This shows that traditional religious teachings and morals are no longer swaying people in society. Not all evidence points to the fact that secularization is the main feature of UK society.
Discuss how far sociologist would agree that the nuclear family is no longer the norm in modern day Britain. A nuclear family is one of many family types in modern day society, there are many different variations. Some sociologists say that nuclear families is and should remain the norm, whilst others believe that society is now too diverse to simply have only one family type. In this essay I will explore whether the nuclear family is no longer the norm in Britain and what thee different reasons are. A reason in particular that nuclear families are no longer the norm is that, divorce rate has increased.
Have you ever wondered what it would be like to go back in the past and experience life through a different time era? The early 1900s was much different then the way we all have it now. To the opinion of most old-timers, most of the kids now would survive with the lack of technology. How could just a hundred years make a difference? You’d be surprised how different it really was back in the early 1900s.
Therefore also this function of religion is weaker than it was in the begging. The main meaning of religion is in meaning of life and its origin. Nearly all another questions are explainable by sciences and human knowledge. Religion may be also helpful. As I mentioned before, the most important mission of religion nowadays is helping people to find their meaning of life in rich countries and educate in the poor ones.
Either way, postmodernists would argue that these people are not going to church to form a community or to help others, but for pure individual gain only. For example, they take what they can from religion without giving anything back. Also, as far as being temporary is concerned, though churches and religions are centuries and even thousands of years old, postmodernists would look at their followers today who are often introduced to religion through primary socialisation but turn away from it as they age before turning back to religion as they near death. Therefore it could be said that support for religion today is temporary rather than permanent because most people today do not constantly follow a religion. Secondly, a postmodern world has no objective truth or knowledge because it argues that the world is so unstable because every individual attaches different meanings to different things and so society fails to exist and so progress cannot be made.
First of all, let us deal with the popular thought that ‘most wars are caused by religion’. In my humble opinion, this is not so true thought. According to an academic research, in the last 3500 years, there was no effect of religion for %60 of them. Only 40% were viewed as truly religious wars. We can say a lot of other cause for warfare as well as racism, economic causes, national interests and national ego.
With the passing of time, many question if religion is still a relavant institution in the modern world. Indeed, in the age of science, many religions have lost their central role in the lives of people. At times, conflicts have even arisen due to the "irrelevance" of religion. Darwin, in his pursuit of science, was forced by the church to cease his support of the theory of evolution which tries to explain how all organisms evolved from simplistic ancestors over time. Inter-religious conflicts dominate the headlines and casts doubts on the positive role of religion.
Also it cannot be argued that religion is not so significant in society today as sects and cults are becoming more and more popular in society , each portraying religious ideas, the fact that membership of such religious organisations are increasing suggest that religion has not lost its significance. However the fact that these sects and cults are only attended by only a minority in society despite the increase in attendance works against the idea that religion is still significant. It can also be argued that religion is not losing its significance in society today also because our judiciary system is based on the 10 commandments of the Christian religion which is used to judge the rights and wrongs of citizens in society and sanction them where appropriate. However it can be argued that in society today it is the fear of punishment not the religious origins of the law which stop them from committing crime, while others chose to still break the law, so much so that places in English prisons are now becoming limited. These points suggesting that although the English law is underpinned by religious suggesting it has not lost its significance in society the fact that people still break the law means the significance is lowered.