Using two or three examples, critically explain how the tactics and strategies used by terrorists have evolved since the 1990’s. Terrorist activity has always been a threat within society, however when acts of terrorism are carried out the vulnerability of modern society is broadcast worldwide. The tactics and strategies that have been employed by terrorists since the 1990’s are adapting to suit the modern age of terrorism we see today. The modern terrorist we are confronted with appears to challenge the foundations of what we once believed to be true and in the process seems to be more lethal than ever before. Increased use of the Internet by terrorist groups is a strategy that has been utilized more efficiently since the 1990’s due to the increased reliance on technology.
Drug trafficking in growing bigger, circulating around the globe and involving a huge amount of illegal trading. In past decade, the production of opium has more than tripled and that of coca leaf more than doubled (Karofi & Mwanza, 2006). The world is facing transnational threats due to increased illicit drug trade as a result of unbalanced and rapid globalization. Rapid globalization is not being balanced by proper governance, therefore organized crime and the illicit drug trade is expanding day by day The pace of economic and cultural globalization has reached an apex in last few decades. Information, technology, and transportation around the world have highly globalized; this has led to extensive international interactions.
Essay Subject: How much can trade affect income inequality? Since the end of the Second World War, the world has to deal with a second globalisation. Indeed, the measures taken with the General Agreement on Tariff and Trade in 1947 and the creation of the World Trade Organisation in 1994 have led to increase international trade between countries and it is interesting to wonder about the consequences of trade, and especially its consequences on income distribution. International trade consists in an exchange of goods and services through imports and exports. In The World Economy, Angus Maddison shows that on average, the amount of international trade is twice bigger than the production.
This paper will look at the reasons and effects of the increase policing of national borders. It will first of all look at terrorism and the fear that it cause to a lot of countries prompting them to be more watchful about what is entering and leaving their countries. Secondly, it will highlight other organised crimes such as human trafficking and drug trafficking as other reasons why there is increase in border controls. Thirdly, mass human migrations across national borders for various reasons in many regions throughout the world that also contributed to tighter national border controls will be highlighted. Fourthly, money laundering is another factor that contribute to the tightening of regulations related to the so-called national soft infrastructure such as banking services to deal will illegal and suspicious international monetary transactions will be discussed.
(Taylor & Taylor, 2011, p. 312) 3. Virtual crimes against persons will increase at a faster rate compared with past years as a result of the significant expansion in networking, personal computing, and social networking sites. These hybrid crimes, which have coercive characteristics similar to those found in psychological warfare, will require new laws expressly to address the problem and new methodologies for investigation, prevention, and education. (Taylor & Taylor, 2011, p. 314) 4. Computer hacker groups will emerge in developing
Centrifugal and pluralist forces increase in the wake of geopolitical changes that are altering character of once stable nation-states. "The effect of these changes is compounded by large-scale migrations; present and projected shifting demographics within nations, including the United States; an expanding global economy, which is tying the fate of people around the world together; and the potential for war and terrorism in the hands of small or unstable nations and ideological groups.
Danielle Terrelonge Prof. Olivia A. Jackson, PhD International Politics (POL330) March 28, 2008 Question: Explain how terrorism and transnational crime threaten democracy both within states and the international community (worth 10 points). To understand how terrorism and transnational crime threaten a democracy one must first begin to understand the concept of each that is listed and how they are intertwined. Globalization is the continual increase in transnational and world wide economy, social, and cultural interactions that transcend the boundaries of states. Transnational of course referring to Non-state actors that cross state borders. They include: economically agenda based institutions, non-governmental organizations with a humanitarian goal as well as terrorist groups that operate across borders.
Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary CJA 384 April 23, 2012 Models of Organized Crime Executive Summary Over the past century, organized crime has become a thriving business and has invaded cities around the world. A properly structured organization can elude law enforcement officials while bringing in millions of dollars annually. Organized crime has two prominent models of structure, bureaucratic and patron-client, and an organization’s success depends on the internal structure of the business. Patron-Client Model According to Mallory (2007), “The patrimonial/patron-client model is based on bonds that tie the organization together” (p. 41). The patron-client model has a familial structure and supports the acceptance theory when determining potential members.
Discuss illegal drug use, prostitution and money laundering Name: Institution: Date: Discuss illegal drug use, prostitution and money laundering Illegal drug use Despite the on-going political notoriety on the illegal drug use issue, there are still many prevailing cases of drug dependence across the globe. This has led to vast arrays of policies and programs which work together in the solving of drug-related problems. However, the level of investment and the dedication in curbing the problem keeps shifting with the political change (Fraser, & Moore, 2011, p. 147). An increase in the illegal drug use leads to increased criminal activities in a region. Research indicates that pathways into crime and drug use are causally related because they both result from factors such as physical and sexual abuse, poverty, lack of education, poor mental health and unemployment.
Globalization is the reason how the westernization of the naïve cultures took place. Globalization has spread like a fire because of the heavy amount of information exchange all over the world and the increased amount of travel. Another reason for the wide spread of globalization is that there is a considerable amount of resource depletion all over the world and every country now depends on each other for the basic