Assess the View That the Process of Globalisation Has Led to Changes in Both the Amount of Crime and the Types of Crime Committed 21 Marks

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Assess the view that the process of globalisation has led to changes in both the amount of crime and the types of crime committed 21 Marks Globalisation refers to the process by which societies become increasingly interconnected. Many sociologists believe that in the last few decades we have entered a new phase of globalisation. This new phase has meant that globalisation has speeded up to such an extent that it is no longer possible for a society to remain insulated from significant events across the globe. The advent of satellite communication makes it possible for there to be instantaneous communication across the globe and for national boundaries to be crossed with ease. The result is that events occurring thousands of miles away can now have an almost immediate impact on us. Globalisation has many causes, some of them are; communications technology, mass media and cheap air travel. Held et al suggest the globalisation of crime has led to an increasing interconnectedness of crime across national borders; this has brought about the spread of transnational organised crime, creating new opportunities for crime and new means of committing crime. For example the computerisation of financial markets enables vast amounts of capital to be transferred each day from one side of the world to the other, with sometime devastating effects on national economies. Also, Manuel Castells (1998) argues because of globalisation there is a globalised criminal economy worth £1 trillion. This takes a number of forms such as arms dealing, human trafficking, green crime and many others. The global criminal economy has both a demand and supply side. A reason for scale of transnational organised crime is demand from the rich west. However the global criminal economy couldn’t survive without a supply side that provides the source for demands of the west, such as drugs and

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