"The Hunger Games" by Suzanne Collins portrays a futuristic society set in a post-apocalyptic world; the novel exemplifies the perversion of Karl Marx's theory known as Marxism and the struggles between social classses. Collins shows the various ways in which a communistic society can be corrupted. It is human nature, to be greedy, selfish, lazy, and decietful; this is what ultimately forces Marxism to be an impossibility. A communistic based society would have no need for government simply because each individual would be more than willing to live their life according to the laws and ideas of Marxism. There would be a much greater chance of success for communism, if the location/environment was smaller and consisted solely of those in complete non-forceful compliance.
He looked to overthrow the capitalist system in favour of the structuralist approach (Perry, 2009). Marxists will always argue that the most important thing is the question of how a small group of people can exploit a vast majority of the population. They would study the power and wealth and look at the importance of social class division (Fulcher, J et al, 2007). Karl Marx believed there were only two basic classes’ the middle and the working class. Marx called the middle class the Bourgeoisie as they were either land owners or the bosses of factories and controlled society.
Using material from item B and elsewhere assess the usefulness of Marxist approaches in explaining crime Marxism is a conflict theory established by Karl Marx. Marxists believe that the capitalist system is just a way in which the ruling classes (the bourgeoisie) control and exploit the workers (the proletariat), and it focuses on the unequal conflict between these two sectors of society. Marxists believe that the capitalist system is criminogenic – which means that by its nature it inevitably causes crime. As item B states, Marxists see crime in the capitalist system as ‘a tool of the ruling class’ where they can control the working class and crime is an unavoidable result because of the oppression the working class are subject to. They also believe that laws are enforced mostly to benefit the interests of the ruling class.
In his book he specifies that ‘’if every does what he or she does best, the society as a whole would become more productive’’. Engels, on the contrary, wrote the book “The Communist Manifesto”, believed strongly in communism. A weak link in communism is that consumers are unable to obtain what they desire since the government decides what each individual acquires. And so, communism is always bound to fail because it stands for equal sharing of resources, in this case grinding individual rights to powder and then using it to build its idol of absolute sovereignty. Communism signifies a classless society that doesn’t see a difference between the rich and the poor.
In recent times, there is a growing concern of wealth inequality in America. This has really drawn criticism and challenge to capitalism as the model of socio-economic structure. Debates surrounding this issue are often traditionally addressed through two models: communism and capitalism. Karl Marx, in his work, “The Communist Manifesto,” criticizes capitalism for it’s preaching of individualism and competition, which leads to the exploitation of the working class thus resulting in further antagonization between socio-economic classes. Marx ends his criticism by offering up the complete abandonment of capitalist system in favor of a communistic system in which socio-economic autonomy is in the hands of the state.
Marxist argues that education is only in the interest of the ruling class in the capitalist society, the society is about exploitation of the working class for the needs of capitalism. Education satisfies the ruling class as it provides a labour force which is obedient and easily exploitable. They therefore see the education system as an institution which reproduces the class system and provides the economy with a suitable workforce. The labour force needs professional and managerial workers, as well as skilled and unskilled manual workers. According to Marxists, the role of the education system is to provide workers for every part of the economy.
Throughout history there have been bourgeois and proletarians, in ancient Rome patricians, knights, plebeians and slaves (57). Marx argues that “the immediate aim of the Communists is the same as that of all other proletarian parties: formation of the proletariat into a class, overthrow of the bourgeois supremacy, conquest of political power by the proletariat" (67). He also considers the changes that by wanting to abolish private property, the Communist are seen as destroying the "ground work of all personal freedom, activity, and independence" (63). However, he explains how a laborer, proletarian, doesn’t properly own any property creating capitalism, a property which works in favor for the exploitation of the worker. Marx
Understanding “The Diamond Necklace” Using the Marxist perspective The short story, “The Diamond Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant demonstrates the class system between the proletariat, represented by Madame Loisel and her husband, and the bourgeoisie, which is represented in the story as Madame Forestier and how these classes are in conflict with each other. The short story also has the idea of sign value and how it affects people. Lastly, it also has the idea that there’s false consciousness. All of these ideas are Marxist and this approach helped bring great insight into the story and helps give you a better insight into the story. “The Diamond Necklace” by Guy de Maupassant has a class conflict within it, which can be seen when the reader is using the Marxist approach.
This essay will examine some of the differences between marxist and functionalist perspectives when it comes to crime and deviance. From a traditional marxist perspective capitalism is an economic system based on an unequal system between two classes. This system will always benefit the bourgeoisie due to them owning the means of production including land, machinery, businesses and factories, these are all things that provide a wage or means of living to the proletariat. Working under capitalism exploits the proletariat as workers are often paid minimum wage, the ruling class dictate the working conditions and whether the working class will be hired or fired. Crime and deviance is defined by the ruling class to protect their own interests.
Marxist perspective of the family. Unlike marxist, functionalists see society as a base of value consensus. Marxist see the society in a Capatalist view based on unequal conflict between two social classes; the Capatalist class, who own means of production and the working class whose labour the Capatalists expliot for profit. Marxist see all societies institution such as education, media, religion along with family. Therefor for Marxist the functions of the family are performed purely for the benefit of the Capatalist system.