They see the rise in the symmetrical family as a result of major social changes in the past century; changes in women position, including married women going out to work, geographical mobility, more couples living away from the communities in which they grew up. Additionally, Gershuny found that wives who worked full time did less domestic work and that the longer the wife had been in pain work, the more housework her husband was likely to do. However, the most important thing is that the roles of the husband and wife, although not identical, are more similar now then they
Though few people are not happy with these changes due to their old thoughts, but, the number of working mothers is increasing drastically compared to previous years (Rampell). Women’s rise as breadwinner provides more financial strength and stability to the family. On the other hand, few people still believe that it is better for men to focus on breadwinning and women on homemaking. “Women are the primary breadwinners in nearly 40% of families with children under the age of 18, according to the recently released report from the Pew Research Center” (Claire). The women’s trend being a primary breadwinner is increasing because the larger number of women are earning higher degrees and entering the workforce (Claire).
Feminists point out that, womens expectations of marriage and life have risen during the last century and are not willing to accept the traditional housewife role. Women have become more successful than men in education and many of them are in paid employment, some of them in managerial positions. This has reduced the economic dependency women have on men, reducing their reasons for marriage therefore changing the patterns of marriage. Women nowadays are more likely to marry because of love and affection. There has been a dramatic increase in the divorce rate in the past 40 years due to changes in the law making it affordable and easier and changes in society making it more acceptable.
Today one may say marriage is taken more lightly than back during that time period because divorce is much more widely accepted today. This difference has a lot to do with the role of property and gender in marriage. In the 21st century marriage is much more equal among men and women; including property and power. In the 1800’s, men had a lot more power than women. Abbie Cory states, “Access to political, social, and economic power and resources was allotted along a hierarchical arrangement whereby upper and middle-class men dominated, while the access of women to such resources was much more limited and was achieved largely through their relationship with men” (1).
1. Aim ‘Men are the breadwinners and women are the homemakers.’ That is always the traditional value towards the roles of men and women. However, the value seems to be changed in two decades(Zuo and Tang 2000). Men are no longer the only one to work and make important decisions in a family or in the society. On the other hand, women can finally have a say in the public.
How Far Would Sociologists Agree That Conjugal Roles Are Equal? The term conjugal roles refer to the relationship between men and women within a household and how the tasks are divided between them. A group of sociologists called feminists believe that men and women should have equal roles and be treated equally within society. Wilmott and Young are two sociologists which share the functionalist perspective. This is the belief that roles in the family are becoming more equal as time progresses.
However, some sociologists oppose this argument. Young and Willmott argue that in modern day society, roles in marriage are becoming much more shared equally among both partners. This could be due to the fact that more and more women are now in employment (over 2/3 of women in the UK now have full/part-time jobs) and as a result women have less time to spend at home doing domestic chores. In their study they discovered that young couples in particular share more conjugal roles in
In the 1950s the normal American family consisted of a breadwinner father, homemaker mother, and several children. The mother and father of the children were not just cohabitating, they were married. Today, it is a lot more common to see families that consist only of a mother. Society has somewhat shifted its view on single mothers since the 1950s. Instead of single motherhood being a total negative situation to be in, it can also be viewed as a positive.
Many people believe that the family should be nuclear and the male should be the main economic provider with the woman spending most time at home and taking care of the children, this is a functionalist point of view, who believe that the nuclear family is the best type of family and childcare is less important than financial income. One of the main factors affecting the division between genders is societies view on men and women. Pink and blue jobs are a good example of how the division is set, women would do pink jobs which included maids and domestic workers and men would do blue jobs which would include more manual labouring jobs and jobs that required a higher level of intellect. Even nowadays these are still referred to, In the United States, a pink-collar worker performs jobs in the service industry. In contrast, a blue-collar worker is a working class person who performs skilled or unskilled manual labor.
From 1950's living and working in the uk we see that a male follows a patriarchal role and goes out to work while the wife stays at home and cooks and cleans as well as dealing with childcare waiting for the father to come home to provide emotional support and comfort from the strains of working life.Now in the modern day we see changes in conjugal roles in the family and now both parents may usually work and share jobs within the household.Wilmot and Young suported conjugal roles and that at the time of writing in 1970 that housework and leisure time were both shared as opposed to 1950s nuclear families where jobs and chores may have only been done by the wife in the household. Reconstituted families has increased in Britain significantly 1 in 10 children live with one birth parent and one step parent as well as over half the children in reconstituted families have a positive view of there divided lives Haskey 1994. This shows a big increase in family diversity and reconstituted families have an overall positive view, after all reconstituted families can provide emotional and financial support similar to the warm bath theory by parsons, and can help to provide a loving family to then