Hakluyt also pointed that the overflow of people, both in need of religious freedom and in want of more business opportunities, within England needed a place to go. America is not only perfect for dumping those excess peoples into, but also exceeds that by also bringing profit from those living in those colonies. One of the major points that Hakluyt drives home is the comeuppance to Spain by creating demand for goods and shipping, and thereby creating profit for England and away from the plundering Spanish. From the profits of the taxes and duties of the new shipping industry, Hakluyt believes a powerful navy can be built for the protection and preservation of the growing British Empire. In 1584, when Hakluyt wrote his Discourse, he says that England at the time was swarming with unemployed youths, men, soldiers, prisoners, and beggars.
From Spain becoming a big European power to the addition of the Spanish Acquisition and Christopher Columbus discovering new land these changes had many affects ranging from good to disastrous. The Spaniard’s grew drastically throughout the late 1400’s. Spain’s growth was mainly due to the marriage of Isabella of Castile and Ferdinand of Aragon. On their wedding day their kingdoms were torn apart by civil war. But this would not stop them from laying the foundation that would lead to a great rise in power.
These waves of progress allowed opportunity for major growth. Encouraged by these new strengths, nations sought to expand not only within their borders, but also to revamp their overseas empires and look for new benefits in far off lands. These nations began to feel superior, so they colonize and took control, by military force, international pressure, or economic, influence, of resource-rich but weak countries beneficial to their economic and national expansion. Strategic positioning was also a reason for Imperialism. Great Britain sought control of Egypt to safeguard the route to their flourishing empire in India.
The Granada seemed to be an easy target for Ferdinand and Isabella to conquer so in return they’ll gain power and glory. The Conquest of Granada gave Ferdinand and Isabella what they needed the most to establish themselves as great ruler, they gained power, fame and glory. It was a smart move as now barons of Castile were occupied and thinking about
A multiplicity of factors worked together to fashion this new political order. Indeed the very nature of medieval society defies this separation. Feudalism as created by William tied people to the land for social, religious and economic reasons. The Church was a sincere religious institution and, at the same time, a massive multi-national money making machine that was one of the most powerful political influences in Europe. It is very hard and wrong to separate out individual aspects of change as this would be to fail to recognise the nature of the
“Isabella and Ferdinand successfully strengthened the authority and power of the Crown in “Spain” by taming the Castilian aristocracy.” To what extent do you agree with this view? Though it is unquestionable that Isabella and Ferdinand did increase the authority of the Crown within “Spain” by 1516. It is, however, more debatable whether the taming of the aristocracy was the sole reason. Other factors such as the unifying of faith within Spain through the exile of the Jews and Muslims, along with their personal style of peripatetic monarchy, surely contributed greatly to their success. The issue of the aristocracy must be addressed first; their influence should not be underestimated, coming from high social backgrounds and many of which held a position in government they generally had at least some form of power, either socially or with direct influence within parliament.
Isabella and Ferdinand of Spain Isabella and Ferdinand, royal cousins, were very influential rulers of Spain. Their strong Catholic beliefs and will to make Spain an all over better place strengthened the overall kinship of their country. Both Isabella and Ferdinand understood the importance of unity. Together they reformed the Spanish government in Castile and left Spain one of the best administered countries in Europe. Ferdinand of Aragon was born in 1452, while Isabella of Castile was born in 1451.
The discovery and exploration of the Americas led to an initially slow but exponentially increasing westward migration by European countries. Among all the countries were England and Spain who colonized the majority of what is now the United States Eastern Coast. Both intrigued by the rumors and stories of gold and riches that beset the new lands they each did their part in western colonization; and not without reciprocal influence. Initial English colonies were established not only with cliché intentions of religious freedom but also with hopes of new economic expansion through agriculture as well as tactical, advantageous military purposes in the ever-present conflict with Spain. Mainly all original westward exploration was due to desires for gold and riches and in the case of the English this was no exception.
The Renaissance was a time of great intellectual change and achievement. Beginning in Florence, this cultural movement later spread throughout Europe. The Renaissance profoundly affected European beliefs; it was one of the most significant periods of growth and progress in Western Europe and has been described by Wilde as “ending the medieval era and heralding the start of the modern age.” A number of factors contributed to the conditions which enabled the Renaissance to take place and must be considered in any broad analysis of causes. At the time the growth of the economy and trade enabled ideas to spread throughout Europe. Additionally the reintroduction of classical works encouraged the search for forgotten knowledge, whilst the creation of the printing press enabled works to be mass produced and allowed knowledge to spread effectively.
The Islamic Influence on Western Civilization Encounters and interaction with Islamic culture had a major effect on Western Civilization. Islam emerged as a powerful religious and political part of the late antique period. The Muslim forces that defeated Byzantium created a thriving civilization that transformed the Western world, and left a lasting mark. In Spain, they had a significant impact on the region’s culture and history. Through conquest and expansion, Muslims created a powerful Islamic Empire which greatly contributed to and deeply impacted the development of Western Civilization.