Assess the Positive and Negative Contributions of the Following to Italian Unification Separatism, Republicanism, Foreign Involvement

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Assess the positive and negative contributions of the following to Italian Unification separatism, republicanism, foreign involvement Italian Unification was the period from 1815-71 in which Italy sought to create unite the territory in the Italian Peninsula. Italy in 1815 was described as “merely a geographical expression” by Metternich Chancellor for the Austrian Empire. The factors above all contributed and hindered the Italians plight for unification. Under Napoleon, Italy had been split into three however at the Congress of Vienna in 1814 Italy was divided into many smaller states so as to keep it weak and allow Austria to rule over it with minimal problems. However Italians such as Garibaldi, Cavour, Victor Emanuel and Mazzini sought to unify the area and create one nation. Separatism was an important factor in Italian Unification; however to first understand separatism it must be defined in the context of Italian Unification. Separatism in Italy at the time was the divided nature of the “geographical area known as Italy”, with its different states, rules and languages. The splitting up of Italy into these sets of smaller Pre-Napoleonic states at the Congress of Vienna was the main reason behind the increased feeling of separatism felt at the time in Italy. Separatism contributed positively to Italian unification in some ways, for instance it led to a sense of pride in certain states which led to an increased feeling of resentment towards foreign powers that were occupying, or held power over some states in Italy at the time. This could be seen as one of the main reasons behind the revolts of 1848-49 in which revolts across Italy were started to expel the Austrians from Italy, this was particularly apparent in the revolution in Milan which started as rioting and boycotting of Austrian tobacco imports. Although these rebellions were crushed they were

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