Society: The most significant impact of volunteering and conscription is on society, because society is represented on a large scale, where volunteering and conscription had a long term affect and a short term affect. As more and more men had started to leave, Britain found itself with low production levels everywhere in the industry and a lot of changes had to be made in order to maintain production levels in Britain firstly as stated by history web: ‘’the Defense of the Realm Act gave the British Government almost dictatorial powers over all aspect of British society’’, especially concerning industrial production and labor allocation. To the society this meant a number of things, firstly it meant that there were shortages of all produce, most importantly food. Consequently, rationing of bread, tea, sugar and meat was introduced in 1918. That consequently also meant that now the British society was becoming healthier because they do not spend their money on unhealthy foods and instead are rationed to a limited amount, this had also meant that life became harder and prices were rising according to Arthur
Effectively the act benefited the middle classes, who were now given an electoral voice in parliament, while the working classes were largely ignored, causing widespread anger and resentment for the act, and all those it benefited. The huge number of working classes wanted to be represented, and the act was yet more salt in the wound. If you were to gather up dates for the most widespread Chartist appreciation in Britain and put this on a graph alongside the economies peaks and troughs, the results would no doubt roughly mirror each other. For Chartism excelled during times of economic disturbance, particularly the late 30’s. This ran alongside the blossoming industrialisation of Britain, areas such as Stockport and Cheshire undergoing radical change were often the strongest supports of Chartism.
Throughout the course of the Great War, the production and circulation of all forms of media, both audio and visual, and all forms of literature and poetry were heavily censored by the governments of all the nations involved in the war. The reason behind this censorship was to keep up the moral at the home front. For obvious reasons, which will be discussed throughout this essay, the government did not want the general public seeing and hearing the true accounts of the war. As well as censorship being used to keep up morale, propaganda was a key feature of keeping p support for the armies fighting in the war. By examining the various forms of media and literature that were produced during the period of the Great War the extent to which censorship and propaganda will become clearly evident.
Historians such as Steven Main argue, “WWI had given birth to the USSR1”. Which is what the Bolsheviks and Lenin would later turn Russia into. Like most wars, the First World War had a massive impact on Russia as a country and its people. The war like most took a toll on the economy and due to the fact that Russia was less industrially developed than its allies, France and Britain, this meant that they had to work harder to keep up with ammunition production as well as normal amenities such as food. As there was a shortage of supplies, standard “supply and demand” went up and inflation occurred and because 80% of Russian people were peasants and already poor this meant that many people went without causing famine.
WWI and the Daily Life of all Americans After a decade of unstable alliances and military buildups, World War I was triggered in 1914 by the assassination of Archduke Ferdinand. It ended in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. During World War I the Food and Fuel Administration, Anti- German Hysteria, and Espionage and Sedition Acts were set into a dilemma. I believe public attitudes like Anti- German Hysteria was affected the most during the war. Through out the war many Americans were in an inadequate zone.
When war was declared in 1914, much of the Russian population rallied behind the Tsar and the monarchy in a wave of patriotism. However, the war weariness in the face of 'Total War' soon gripped the country, as the war exacerbated the domestic difficulties of Russia and highlighted the governments structural issues. Losses such as the 'Brusilov offensive' demoralised the army, which in turn weakened the standing of the Tsar and the faith the public placed in him. Poor organisation lead to major casualties, as by Christmas of 1916, 1.6 million soldiers were dead and 3.9 million were wounded with 2.4 million taken prisoner. This lack of organisation also lead to food shortages and issues with transport.
• Half a million Germans lost their lives in the bombing, way more civillian lives than were lost in Britain during the Blitz. • Huge numbers of bombs 955,044 dropped. • There was a cost to British lives too, 55,000 members of Bomber Command were killed in action. • 1945- Dresden 44,000 died • The destruction of Dresden as a mjor cultural centre and its heavy casualities so late in the war made it a controversial decision. In context, there were so many German cities destroyed by that point, perhaps bombing Dresden had little strategic significance.
War Propaganda and the Movies: Charlie Chaplin Throughout World War I, nations participating in this devastating and casualty filled war used the power of propaganda to unite their people and rally their troops against their enemies. Propaganda came in all forms, whether it was depicting a nation as a hated and brutal enemy, or a sympathetic image of patriotism depicting troops as heroes for their sacrificial actions. Propaganda was a major influence on everyone involved in the war. Men, women, and children all across the globe were affected in some way by the government sponsored propaganda that both united and rallied nations against their enemies, further straining the tensions between countries, stretching the war longer. Movie stars like Charlie Chaplin shined during this time and drastically increased the popularity of movies and brought together the Allied States and created a sense of comfort in a time where comfort was scarcely obtainable.
In 1939, aggressors such as Germany, Japan, and Italy started weighing heavily on the violence that would soon lead to a second world war. Volunteers and draftees across the United States began to train and face combat as the country joined the war in 1941. There was no doubt that the United States needed to fight and defend itself in this war; however, the necessity for altruism and self-protection did not minimize the devastation felt by the loss of so many American soldiers. In this time of grief and struggle, Americans had to find another way to express their hurt, joy, and confusion. Many turned to music as a form of comfort during trying times.
The purpose of this essay is to reflect on the relationship between food and culture and how people in Shakespearian times used the two to overcome The Bubonic Plague. The Black Plague was an epidemic that took the lives of one-third of all Europeans during the time Shakespeare was alive. With the plague running rapid, many people became corrupt in order to find food and support there families. In Kastan’s A Companion to Shakespeare, he says, “the high prices and shortages of food, were wicked, wondering, idle people whose thefts were at the heart of all the trouble.” (34) He then goes on to say, in regards to the new corrupt people: Worse, the cost of imprisoning them all meant that there was no money left over to relieve the truly needy poor. His answer to these problems was straight forward: harsher laws and sharper law enforcement to stop the mouths of these people who laugh in their sleeves at the lenity of the law and the timorousness of the executioners of it… There was much seditious talk (for which many were hanged), and in Kent alone there were eleven riots connected with these shortages of grain between 1585 and 1603.