Assess the Effectiveness of the Bolshevik Government in Creating Changes in Society in the Period 1917-1928

1930 Words8 Pages
Assess the effectiveness of the Bolshevik government in creating changes in society in the period 1917-1928. During the years 1917 through to 1928 the Bolshevik government created changes within society, in the areas of social relationships within classes, a result of political and economic changes, education, health, religion and women. In order to assess the extent to which these changes were effective it is important to look at the original aims of the Bolsheviks. The extent to which they achieved these aims determines their overall effectiveness is creating changes within society. A change in society occurred in June of 1918 with the introduction of War Communism. War Communism meant that all industry was nationalised, private sales were forbidden as personal profits became illegal, strict working rules were put in place, and a class based rationing system was introduced. War Communism brought about major changes to Russian society but in order to assess how successful it was in its changes, each aspect of its original goals must be looked at. As described by David Christian, one of the two pressures that lead to War communism was ‘the need to fight the civil war’. In this aspect the changes brought about by this policy were successful as it resulted in a Bolshevik victory in the war as it ‘...did the job of supplying towns and armies with just enough food and supplies to keep providing war material and to keep fighting. In this way it was successful.’ (David Christian, Power and Privilege) When focusing on its second goal, ‘to build a socialist society’ (David Christian) then the changes it brought about where highly ineffective. Although War Communism was successful in moving the country closer to Communistic ideology with the idea that everything is communal and each is given according to his needs, the socialist aim to have unity and peace amongst the
Open Document