Assess Sociological Explanations of Science and Ideology as Belief Systems Essay

1797 WordsMar 5, 20148 Pages
Assess sociological explanations of science and ideology as belief systems Sociologists argue that science and ideology can both be belief systems. People started to think and question was there more than just a God and that’s where science was introduced. People started to use rational ways of thinking to explain things that happened. Science has been used to develop different parts in society such as medicine and technology that we use in everyday life. But it has also caused problems such as pollution and global warming. Science has cognitive power, it can allow us to explain, predict and control the world. Popper believes science is an open belief system where every scientist’s theories are open to scrutiny and criticism from others. He says that science is governed by falsification. This is where scientists try to falsify existing theories, trying to find evidence that would disprove them. His theory provides evidence that nothing can ever be 100%, e.g. the big bang is a theory is accepted by everyone but there is much more that scientists dont know and more info is needed to be found therefore it could be false. It argues that there always can be more evidence for every theory that has ever been made and proven. It is snowballing; it builds on achievements of previous scientists. This explanation shows that science can be a belief system as nothing can ever be proven 100% as there will always be something or someone that will disprove a theory with other evidence and therefore people belief what they have been told. This is much like religions in a way by the fact that religion cannot be proven it is something that people believe in. If Popper is right then it doesn’t why science has grown over the last few centuries. Merton argues that science can only succeed as a major social institution if it receives support from other institutions and values. He
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