Assess Sociological Explanations Of Crime Analysis

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Right realists attempts to find realistic solutions to the problem of crime, they are particularly associated with American sociologist such as James Q Wilson and Richard Hernstein. Their views have had some influence on British government. Wilson denies that trying to eradicate poverty will lead to a major reduction in crime. He point out that in the 1960s in the USA major anti poverty programmes were accompanied by enormous increases in crime. He believe that crime can neither be explained or tackled by welfare programmes or policies aimed at redistributing wealth and income. Many poor people such as the elderly and the sick don't commit crime so poverty in itself can't be considered a cause of crime. Wilson focuses on what he calls predatory Street scrimes, such as Robbery, Burglary, theft and murder. He argues that the general public are far more concerned about these crimes than they are about victimless crime and white collar crime. Street crimes are particularly important because they undermine communities, successful communities are the best protection again rising crime. He sees crime as a result of rational calculations,…show more content…
Informal social controls will be maintained and street crimes will not get out of hand. The crucial role Of the police is to stop an area from deteriorating by clamping down on the first sign of undesirable and anti social behaviour, they should try to make law-abiding citizens feel safe. Their role is to maintain law and order in areas where it has yet to be broken down. Wilson and Kelling believe that it is a waste of resources to put effort into areas where law and order has already broken as the police will be unlikely to restore it by arresting people. Their time is better spent concentrating on areas where there is still
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