They argue that the position that children occupy in society is not fixed, but differs between times, places and cultures. Childhood is not fixed but socially constructed, we know this as there are many laws out there which have been put there to construct the way childhood should be. It is generally accepted in our society today that childhood is a very special time of life, and that children are fundamentally different from adults. Sociologist such as Jane Pilcher sees it that children have a certain lack of skills, knowledge and experience and need a long time before they mature into adults and are responsible to understand the responsibilities that come with adulthood. As Jane Pilcher (1995) believes the most important feature of the modern idea of childhood is separateness.
Some people would have argued that this was fair and equal and that today’s ‘child-centred’ society has taken away the freedom of children over the years. Item A also mentions that after the industrialisation in the west today has changed the position of children being ‘miniature adults’ into a childhood where their time, space and bodies are controlled by adults. Child liberationists’ would argue that this isn’t for the ‘protection’ or the ‘care’ of children, it’s just a way for adults to control the lives of their children. Parents try to control when their kids go to bed, when they wake up, when they go out and where they go, child liberationists would say that this is a way to put children in oppression to. The last part of item A is talking about the distinction between adults and children is becoming blurred again.
Assess sociological explanations of changes in the status of childhood Social construction is the way that something is created through individual, social and cultural interpretations, perception and actions of people. Childhood has not stayed the same throughout history and varies in different cultures, so it is not possible that childhood is biological and therefore it must be socially constructed for a particular time, for a particular societies needs. Eidenstadt is one sociologist who believes that childhood is socially constructed and is therefore culturally specific. Bilton supports this argument that childhood is experienced differently in the western world compared to the east; the western world has childhood while the eastern world still sees children working. Benedict has suggested that in simpler pre-industrial societies there are three main differences in the ways that children are treated compared to modern western societies, claiming that responsibility is taken at an earlier age, for example Punch’s study in Bolivia found that children from around the age of 5 are expected to work.
This is more common in Europe and other areas of the western world were it is common to find children in further education. Childhood has been marked as completely different from adulthood, both in character, making everyday and life decisions and activity. This recognition clearly first appeared in literature in 16th century and has since then been adopted and improved by an array of individuals. The argument formulated then, that still holds today, is that childhood is an immature stage of life, characterized by underdevelopment t both mentally and physically. And it’s on this assumption and basis that every action
s recent policy and practice failing the needs of BESD childrenIs Recent Policy And Practice Failing The Needs Of Behavioural, Emotional And Social Difficulties (BESD) Students, Therefore Putting Them At Risk Of Social Exclusion? The Special Educational needs agenda in the United Kingdom has made great leaps in the past century. Children experiencing difficulties are no longer seen as imbeciles who are uneducable to individuals who have the same rights to an education as all children, although they may need additional time and resources to be able to achieve this. These children are no longer locked away in special schools or institutions, but are educated alongside their peers wherever possible. However there does seem to be some forgotten children.
Considered by most to be the backbone of America, it is how we socially and culturally indoctrinate our offspring so they are able to become a functional member of society. A lack of a full family is often cited as the reason that children end up as criminals or delinquents. The notion of family being the birthplace of problems is not even something most people could find feasible, which is what makes Barbara Ehrenreicht's essay "Are Families Dangerous?" seem a bit out in left field to most readers. But upon closer inspection and reflection into ones own family life, and the lives of those around them, Ehrenreicht's essay begins to make a lot more sense.
Juvenile offenders should not be tried as adults, until aspects of their environment are assessed efficiently. Juvenile offenders should not be tried as adults for committing crimes. Measuring the offender’s environment has to become a priority. Children’s experiences from a very young age are controlled by others who have liabilities towards them. Social factors such as poverty, poor accommodations, high crime, low education, and poor parenting are all factors to felonious behavior for which the children aren’t directly responsible and they need safeguarding (Gillen 138).
Section 504 does not have such the stringent policy that IDEA has, allowing for more individuals to be covered. Section 504 also makes sure that the individual is covered throughout his/her life. IDEA only covers in the ages between 3-21 years (idonline.org). For many, the laws and rules of IDEA are not perfect but they do offer protection for special learners from being institutionalized because schools and society couldn’t handle them. Special learners are entitled to an education just like the general
The likelihood of the contemplation of one’s childhood before being summoned to act in a prosocial way is slim. Another objection with all the experiments in the study is that it is assumed that all of the participants have fond and innocent memories of their childhood. A person who had experienced a tougher childhood or was forced to grow up quickly, is less prone to having responded in a participatory way after having reminiscing their childhood. Although this was investigated in experiment four, I do hold true to these reservations and believe it was consistently flawed. Another dilemma I had with the study is the fact that self-report data is often unreliable.
Gender roles are not given at birth, as ones biological sex, they are to be learned and taught amongst those surrounding one at an early age, and the society and culture one lives in. Gender roles are mainly learned and taught by those who have raised them, namely their family. Ones family has the biggest impact on how to perceive their gender. This is because a family institution passes on values and beliefs that are taught and learned to accept at an early age. Although it is not those who raise one whom are to blame for gender inequality.