Assess the reasons for the failure of Operation Market-Garden

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The failure of operation market garden cannot simply be placed on one solitary factor, intelligence interpreters could most definately have improved the job they carried although it is unfair for them to shoulder most of the blame. There are various other themes that must be considered when deciding to what extent the failure of operation market garden, for example the tactics employed, insufficent planning, and the weather, as these are of equal importance to the failure of operation market garden. Intelligence it could be argued was the most important reason for the failure of operation market garden. This is a view shared by the official german explanation of the failure , stating that the allied intelligence was unaware of the II panzer corps, in the area north east of arnhem. However Christopher Hibbert states “ the simple and tragic fact is that the British airborne division landed at arnhem without any clear idea of the german forces it would be likely to meet there although information on which a reliable estimate might have been made was available in london and at more than one allied headquarters on the continent” . Lloyd Clark comes to the conclusion that failures in terms of intelligenc e led to failures in other areas. For example, the belief that extortionate losses would result if the 1st Airborne Division were landed closer to Arnhem led to the dropzones and landing zones being a great distance from their objectives . This exaggerated intelligence meant that it gave the germans more time once the allied divisions had landed, in which to construct valuable defences that would take more time to destroy. This is important as one of the main reasons Operation Market-Garden was supposed to be succesful was due to the Airborne speed and suprise the attack was to be carried out with, meaning that befor e the attack had already started, it had been diluted
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