Because of the fatigue of troops and lack of supplies the bottleneck in Liege caused, the Germans had to divert East towards the River of Marne. The decision to violate Belgian neutrality ensured British intervention to protect Belgium. This presented more problems as British troops were aiding France in their conquest to expel the German belligerents. The diversion and Allied support prevented Germany from capturing France and started the Battle of Marne which ultimately caused the stalemate on the Western Front. Another cause of the stalemate on the Western Front was Germany underestimation of Russia’s mobilisation speed.
He predicted significant loss to the French, but not the Germans. General Erich Ludendorff was a member of the German General Staff and opposed Falkenhayn’s plan for the attack on Verdun. Ludendorff and other staff members believed that if additional manpower and resources were provided to the men fighting on the Eastern front, that would weaken the French and there would not have been the amount of casualties that were sustained by the Germans. Falkenhayn believed in a limited offence in the east and that any losses sustained at Verdun would be justified. Ludendorff, in his summary of the Battle of Verdun,
The Pilgrimage of grace failed for many reasons, however, I think it failed mainly due to poor leadership. This is because Robert Aske accepted the King’s pardon at the River Don and trusted that Henry was going to discuss their grievances in court. When they accepted the pardon they dispersed back to their homes, which meant that when Henry didn’t do anything about their grievances then it would be difficult for all the rebels to regroup. The rebellion was regionalised to the North of the country and was too far away from London go back after just coming back. M.L Bush said that ‘It was interconnected regional rebellions rather than one fluid movement’ because once the rebels had gone back to where they lived dotted across the North of England they would all have to meet up rather than go down to London in one group.
As said in Source 9, that Churchill did not know “Chamberlain had knowledge of what passed for the French-war plan and of the latest reports of the Chiefs of Staff”. The French would not do anything and Churchill did not seem to know that Britain didn’t have French military support and it was completely unprepared for war. So, although Britain lost Czechoslovakia as an ally, the Munich Settlement gave Britain time to rearm and be prepared for September 1939. It could be said that the Munich agreement was a disaster because the Luftwaffe was not ready to fight as some might have suspected. For the mountain fortress line to be strong enough to withstand an army trying to break through, it “required the deployment of thirty German divisions, or alternatively the main strength of the mobile and
Haig, Britain’s leader was an experienced cavalry officer but he sometimes underestimated the power of the German Army. The Germans held high ground around the Somme area and were able to see the preparations for the attack therefore they built another trench line to strengthen their defences. Britain reconnaissance aircraft observed this, but Haig ignored the reports and warnings. This was bad planning because he could have gone over the plans on order to make the attack a surprise. Another example of bad leadership is Haig refused to believe that the British shelling was not working.
World War II was started not only by Hitler's aspirations, but by an enfeebled West which did not comprehend the magnitude of its inaction. Leading up to the war, some European countries had weakened their own military forces (Denmark had basically disarmed itself, which made it the almost ideal trampoline for German forces into Norway) or had
To what extent was the Treaty of Versailles fair to Germany? The Treaty of Versailles was created to cripple Germany so that they could not start another war. One side of the argument is that the Treaty was extremely unfair to Germany, as it took away some of her most valuable assets and fuelled nationalism. However, the other side of the argument is that as Germany caused a lot of damage, she deserved to be punished and prevented from stirring up more trouble. The military clause was the harshest and most damaging clause, and was greatly disapproved of by Germany.
The Treaty of Versailles Was an Unfair Settlement I believe that the Treaty of Versailles was an unfair settlement. The Treaty of Versailles was not a treaty, but instead a surrender document that the defeated Germans had to sign or face the risk of invasion. I believe the Treaty of Versailles was a series of penalties and punishments imposed on Germany. Rather than seeking ways to prevent future wars, the victorious allies decided instead to weaken the Germans by hurting their national pride. Both the Allies and Germany wanted to expand their territory.
I do not regard this as a fair treaty. A ‘fair and just’ peace settlement is when both opposing sides have a say in what should be the next steps. Unfortunately, this was not the case in the Treaty of Versailles. Firstly, it was an unsuccessful treaty because it was not able to bring sustainable peace in the region. The Treaty of Versailles was unjust and unfair because it excluded Germany from the negotiations of the treaty, asked for unfair reparations, limited its army to anemic levels and stole all of it’s colonies.