Thus, the North African campaign and the naval campaign for the Mediterranean were extensions of each other in a very real sense. The struggle for control of North Africa began as early as October 1935, when Italy invaded Ethiopia from its colony Italian Somaliland. That move made Egypt very wary of Italy's imperialistic aspirations. In reaction, the Egyptians granted Britain permission to station relatively large forces in their territory. Britain and France also agreed to divide the responsibility for maintaining naval control of the Mediterranean, with the main British base located at Alexandria, Egypt.
Without the help of Sir Keith Park and the Royal Air Force, the casualty number would have been a lot larger. Sir Keith Park commandeered the 11th Group of Fighter Command. Keith also created a brilliant plan for the defense of London and the South East of England. Keith was in command of the squadron that fought for the Battle of Britain. The failure of the Luftwaffe to defeat the Royal Air Force in 1940 at the Battle of Britain is seen as Germany’s first major mistake in the Second World War against the western front.
Describe the operations used by the Allies to defeat Fascist Italy and Nazi Germany, ultimately resulting in the unconditional surrender of each power. D day, battle of stalingrad, To attain the unconditional surrender of both Italy and Nazi Germany, The Allies relied on well planned and well timed operations. The surrender of both of these powers did not come easy or because of and one specific event, but rather a string of battles that wore down the Axis powers in Europe. Some operations however could be known as “ the straw that broke the camels back”. One in particular that really hit the Germans hard towards the would be end of WWII was the Battle of Stalingrad.
John (Jack) O’Connell American C. II P. Galgano 08/15/12 U.S. entry and efforts in WW1 When World War 1 erupted in 1914. Woodrow Wilson announced on August 4th, 1914 that the U.S. would stay out of the controversy and remain a neutral role in World War 1. The assassination of Archduke Ferdinand of the Austria-Hungary Empire by Serbia ignited the domino affects that lead the U.S. into WW1. The Austria-Hungary Empire had the Triple Alliance with Germany and Italy. Germany at the time was the most powerful single country in Europe, but it’s weak allies required Germany’s support on their various fronts.
This could be proved by the words, "This time the Carthaginian strategy aimed at bringing the war home to Romans and defeating them in their own backyard" (Spielvogel 123). This was the reason for the political influence of the Roman Empire during the Punic Wars. One of the significant change occur during the Second Punic War was the increasing number of slaves. Large number of slaves were brought to Italy could be prove by the words, "The Roman conquest of the Mediterranean brought a drastic change in the use of slaves" (Spielvogel 129). Before the Second Punic War the slaves were employed relatively at small scale.
Napoleon planned an attack on the Royalists and defeated them again. Napoleon became indispensable to the Directory he returned to Paris from Italy as a hero, more popular than the Directors. In 1798 Napoleon planned to invade Britain but on realizing the French were not equipped to do so, he decided to do an expedition to Egypt instead. He included academics and intellectuals in his army because he wanted to plunder Egypt militarily but also culturally. On the way he conquered Malta and finally arrived in Egypt where he easily won the battle of the Pyramids.
George Patton-helped lead the Allies to victory in the invasion of Sicily, and was instrumental to the liberation of Germany from the Nazis Describe the significance of the key military actions listed below. Battle | Dates | Description | The Battle of the Atlantic | September 1939-May 1945 | The longest battle of WWII began when Britain declared war and ended with Germany’s surrender to the Allies. | The Battle of Stalingrad | August 23, 1942- February 2,1943 | Major battle, Nazi Germany and allies fought the Soviet Union | The North African Front | June 10, 1940- May 13, 1943 | Fought in the Libyan and Egyptian deserts. Axis and Allied forced pushed each other back and forth on the deserts. | The Italian Campaign | 1943- the end of the war in Europe | A military effort for Canada during WWII.
It was, appropriately, Germany who was most affected by the war. It is only right that Germany receive the majority of post-war affliction, since were the driving force behind it. They did not, however, officially start the war. This was done by Italy and then Japan, but they were the main instigators which fueled the wars beginning. The Kingdom of Italy first attacked Ethiopia (The Second Italo–Abyssinian War) while Japan invaded China (The Second Sino-Japanese War); this was before war broke out in Europe.
Prime Minster Churchill came to office in 1940 after his predecessor, Neville Chamberlain, resigned due to Germany’s rapid expansion during the early parts of the war. He motivated the British to keep on fighting because they’re the only ones to fight Germany at the time and had to rely on its colonies to survive. Many Brits today call him one of the most important leaders in British
This had serious consequences for not only Abyssinia but also the survival of the League itself and its principle of “collective security” In April 1935 the Stresa Front was formed, it was triggered by Germany's declaration of its intention to build up an air force, to increase the size of its army. It did not last long, However, falling apart when the Italians broke the peace with their attack on Abyssinia in October 1935.There a number of reasons why Italy’s fascist leader, Benito Mussolini, targeted Abyssinia for annexation in the mid-1930s, one was a retry of their failure attempt in 1896. Italy had previously been at war with Abyssinia but failed miserably, losing a huge amount of men and an enormous amount of casualties. The casualty rate suffered by Italian forces at the Battle of Adowa alone was greater than any other major European battle of the 19th century, beyond even the Napoleonic Era's infamous Waterloo and Eylau. The well-trained modern Italian forces had been defeated by backward, poorly equipped Abyssinian tribesmen.