Aspects Of Hypnosis

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What is hypnosis? Describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis Discuss the role of relaxation in hypnosis Introduction Within this essay I will be looking at the definition of hypnosis and looking briefly at the history behind hypnosis. I will then describe the psychological and physical aspects of hypnosis and discuss the role that relaxation plays in hypnotherapy. Hypnosis is defined as a natural state of mind for humans and animals alike. It is said to enhance an individuals concentration while increasing responsiveness to suggestions that are made, in order to make changes to the way a person thinks about a particular thing, to change a physical state or to a person’s behaviour. (Hadley and Standacher) Spiegel…show more content…
The experience of hypnosis can be very different due to the needs of the individual, whether they are physical or psychological. Hypnosis is started with a hypnotic induction that sometimes will include a Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR) technique, which we will look at later in the essay. The induction process will include instructions and suggestions. (Heap & Dryden) The person will then move into a trance like state, which will result in the person having a focused state of attention. Within the literature the use of the conscious mind in hypnosis is used to describe the state of the mind at a given time. The conscious mind is what makes us aware of ourselves and our surroundings, while the subconscious mind is described as an automatic process that you don’t have to think about, for example, things you have learnt, riding a bike, driving a car. (Hadley and Standacher) The subconscious mind can also control autonomic bodily processes; this is how we know that physical change can occur with the use of hypnosis. For example, with pain, by communicating with the subconscious mind, the mind will know that there is pain, but is aware of this in the subconscious mind not the conscious…show more content…
(Psychology 101) there are different forms of relaxation that can be used such as, simple breathing exercises, muscle relaxation, progressive muscle relaxation, with the main aim of this technique being to relax the body and mind in able to focus. There are around 400 muscles within the body that all connect up to the nervous system. The muscles within the body will contract and relax when messages are sent from the brain to the nervous system. This was demonstrated in 1929, Edmond Jacobson, a doctor from Chicago, assessed that a proportion of his patients appeared to have muscle tension. He realised that to relax the mind they had to relax their muscles, as the body and mind are inter linked. He came up with the technique called Progressive Muscle Relaxation (PMR). (Chrysalis 2013)PMR is a systematic technique to achieve a state of relaxation. The technique advises patients to first tense the muscle for a few seconds, before releasing it to a state of relaxation. (Jacobson) In hypnosis the PMR is used throughout the suggestions of the muscles relaxing, with the physical relaxing being one of the most common made within the first induction. (Karle &

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